Pressure gauge discrepancies undermine Wells report

When the NFL dusted off the Ted Wells bat signal in January for an investigation regarding the question of whether the Patriots tampered with footballs used in the AFC championship game, it was believed that the raw measurements of air pressure inside the footballs taken at halftime would point clearly to tampering. Lost in the text messages between Larry and Curly and the question of whether Tom Brady was the Moe Howard periodically clunking their heads together to ensure that the footballs were suited to his preferences is the possibility that the raw measurements don’t point to tampering.

The erroneous report from ESPN that 10 of 12 balls were 2.0 PSI below the 12.5 PSI minimum cemented the early narrative that the amount of air missing from the footballs clearly suggests tampering. The actual numbers, standing alone, say otherwise.

It’s possible that the actual numbers suggest no tampering at all. Which could be the biggest problem with the 243-page report.

Here’s where we try (key word: try) to take something that’s pretty complicated and make it somewhat understandable.

First, the officials had two pressure gauges available — and those pressure gauges generated very different measurements.

One gauge had a Wilson logo on the back. The other didn’t. One had an obviously crooked needle. The other didn’t.

The gauge with the Wilson logo and the longer, crooked needle typically generated higher readings, in the range of 0.3 to 0.45 PSI.

The measurements taken at halftime of the AFC title game by the two available gauges demonstrated this reality.  Here’s the gap in PSI for each of the 11 Patriots footballs, based on the two gauges: (1) 0.3 PSI; (2) 0.35 PSI; (3) 0.35 PSI; (4) 0.3 PSI; (5) 0.35 PSI; (6) 0.35 PSI; (7) 0.45 PSI; (8) 0.45 PSI; (9) 0.4 PSI; (10) 0.4 PSI; and (11) 0.45 PSI.

Second, referee Walt Anderson doesn’t recall which gauge he used to measure PSI at the start of the game.

The absence of a documentation regarding the air pressure in the Patriots footballs prior to kickoff can be justified by Anderson’s clear recollection that he ensured each ball was set to 12.5 PSI. However, Anderson doesn’t clearly recall whether he used the gauge that generates the higher measurement or the one that generates the lower measurement.

It’s an important point because the gauge used before kickoff determines the starting point for the halftime analysis. If the pressures were set by the gauge with the logo and the long, crooked needle, that’s the gauge that should have been used at halftime. If it was the other gauge that was used before the game, that’s the one that should have been used at halftime.

The Wells report concludes that Anderson used the gauge that generates the lower measurement before kickoff, despite Anderson’s lack of specific recollection as to which gauge he used. The reasoning for the decision to assume Anderson used the gauge without the Wilson logo appears in the paragraph contained at the bottom of page 116 of the report.

Frankly, the explanation doesn’t make much sense. If anyone understands it, please let us know.

Here’s the one thing that does make sense: Without knowing which gauge was used to set the pressures before the game, it’s impossible to know which set of readings taken at halftime is the accurate set of readings, and which set of readings should be thrown out.

Third, knowing the gauge that was used before kickoff is critical to proving tampering.

At page 113, the Wells report states: “[T]he Ideal Gas Law predicts that the Patriots balls should have measured between 11.52 and 11.32 psi at the end of the first half, just before they were brought back into the Officials Locker Room. Most of the individual Patriots measurements recorded at halftime, however, were lower than the range predicted by the Ideal Gas Law.”

As those of you who were visiting PFT frequently in the early days of #DeflateGate may recall, the Ideal Gas Law refers to the formula that determines the changes in gases based on various factors, including but not limited to volume, pressure, and temperature. And the Wells report concludes that all Patriots footballs should have measured between 11.52 and 11.32 PSI at halftime.

But that observation hinges on the question of which gauge was used to set the PSI prior to kickoff. If the gauge that generates the higher numbers was used, the measurements of the Patriots footballs taken by that gauge are mostly consistent with the 11.52-11.32 PSI range at halftime: (1) 11.8; (2) 11.2; (3) 11.5; (4) 11.0; (5) 11.45; (6) 11.95; (7) 12.3; (8) 11.55; (9) 11.35; (10) 10.9; and (11) 11.35.

Based on those readings, three of the footballs were above the predicted range, five were in the predicted range, and three were below the predicted range.

By assuming that the gauge that generates the lower readings was used before the game began, the readings taken by that same gauge at halftime show that one ball was above the predicted range, two were in the predicted range, and eight were below the predicted range. Which is more consistent with the conclusion that some degree of tampering occurred.

So, basically, the scientific proof of tampering hinges on a literal coin flip between the pressure gauge that generated a higher reading and the pressure gauge that generated a lower reading. Apart from the very real problems inherent to the NFL using pressure gauges that generate such dramatically different readings for a key postseason game, the justification used to assume that Walt Anderson used before kickoff the gauge that makes tampering more likely doesn’t feel like the outcome of a scientific experiment. It feels like an effort to work backward to justify a predetermined conclusion.

None of this changes the fact that Larry and Curly exchanged text messages that point to a pattern of tampering during and prior to the 2014 season. None of this changes the fact that Tom Brady a/k/a Moe Howard may have a smoking gun or two lurking somewhere on his cell phone.

Regardless, scientists don’t dabble in probability or inference; even with the 50.1-vs.-49.9 standard of proof that applies both to civil lawsuits and the NFL’s High Court of Cheating, expert witnesses typically must base their opinions on a reasonable degree of scientific certainty. The fact that two gauges were available to Walt Anderson, the fact that those gauges generated such dramatically different readings, and the fact that Anderson specifically doesn’t remember which of the gauges he used to set the pressure prior to kickoff makes it very difficult to conclude with any degree of certainty whether the accurate measurements taken at halftime are the ones that suggest tampering, or the ones that don’t.

While the full scope of the report suggests that something fishy happened, it was believed all along that a conclusion of tampering would be backed up by sound, scientific evidence that tampering occurred. Despite 243-pages of polish, the scientific evidence in this specific case is significantly undermined by the fact that the NFL was using a clearly defective pressure gauge prior to one of its most important football games of the year.

UPDATE 1:25 p.m. ET: As to Anderson’s recollection regarding the gauge used to set the PSI levels before kickoff, his “best recollection” is that he used the gauge with the logo, which generates higher numbers. But he conceded that it’s “certainly possible” he used the other gauge, and the Wells report concludes that he did.

256 responses to “Pressure gauge discrepancies undermine Wells report

  1. how can something this important be that screwed up and rely on a coin flip. Goodell is really a complete tool box and this may be the proof that they went out with a predetermined agen

    I really think the street 3 Stooges are Goodell Wells and Kensith

  2. Just being a fan of football unbiased to this…
    whatever the penalties the Patriots and Tom Brady receive I would be terrified to face an angry bill belichick and brady after serving his suspension (if given one). like I said I don’t have a horse in this race but after said and done this organization is going to go on a rampage on 31 other teams. History has shown this with an angry, vengeful belichick and brady. I feel sorry for the Colts in games as long as brady is calling the snaps. Bet the over in every pats game when brady comes back! Yikes.

  3. OK,,,SO NOW the idiot REF’s Don’t know which gauge was Right…the first one or the second one,,,,Did I use gauge A pregame? OR did I use Gauge B? Which one was the right one? If I used Gauge A,,,,and all PATS/COLTS balls were OK…..and then at Half Time I used Gauge B and 3 out of 4 Colts balls were also low…WTF are we talking about?

    Yeah mike I know this is not “COURT” but even in a civil proceeding having two widely sets of reading from TWO different guages..alone makes the whole damn subject moot!!!

    I guess you have never gotten a speeding ticket and know that the officers EQ must be calibrated to a certain standard, on a regular basis, or the ticket is thrown out!

    Bottom LINE,,,any of you idiot haters including Florio want to believe a football that is a PSI low (11.4),,is the reason the COLTS scored seven points? REALLY?

    I guess thats why your team continue to lose year after year after year…

  4. Free Brady! Call your mom instead of obsessing over the Patriots on a Sunday morning….put away the hate and show your mom/wife/daughter some love!

  5. Larry and moe provided explanations about the text. Sick sisters game tickets, 50000 yard ball, joking. Mr wells chose to reject all those explibations. At every opportunity Mr wells chose to take the explibation most damming to the patriots and most supportive of the NFL leaks

    Not surprising considering Mr wells is a trial attorney not a judge and his client was the NFL.

  6. Please spare us all of this nonsense.

    Just like those who drink and drive, get caught, then pay an expensive lawyer to question the breathalizer – the devil is in the details of the human elements within this story.

    Brady lied, his integrity and reputation is forever tarnished. Had he simply not gone up in front of the football world and lied through his teeth, this would’ve been a much smaller issue.

  7. Without it being a slam dunk, I don’t see how you can tarnish Brady’s legacy with a suspension.

  8. It is actually not that important, that’s why they did not really care to much while this was happening. Hindsight being 20/20 they obviously would have gave more effort in the note taking department. If I was Brady I would demand an apology.

  9. Great analysis – does not exonerate Patriots but opens door to greater possibility than noted by most since report was published that they did not tamper with the balls. And clearly questions the league’s processes, controls, & biases – not to mention referee not knowing what gauge he utilized. Looked at page 116, could not immediately figure out their assumption either that lower gauge was used by Coleman…outside of convenience and it help makes their case. Sad.

  10. Do Pats fans really need more of this kind of crap to clowd the matter? Fact is Brady did it. And if no punishment is imposed, the NFL will lose ALL credability!

  11. Enough of this crap. Whether or not Brady get fined hinges on whether Brady tried to cover up the fact that he didn’t know anything about the equipment guys tried to lower the psi during the game. The ball went missing, and based on the exchange of the messages, there is a high probability that he was aware of it. That’s what the report pointed out. It also pointed out that the head coach does know about this. If he would have come clean, may be it’s not such a big deal.

  12. At halftime, the patriots balls were tested first. Giving the colts balls about ten minutes to warm up while waiting to be tested.

    The texts are weird/fishy, but only in the context of tampering occurring. No proof of tampering.

    Brady should pay for his own study done by a more reputable company

  13. There are text messages that prove that the balls were tampered with! I don’t know what else you need to get behind the fact that cheating was present and that Brady knew something was up.

    If this is a leak by the NFL to try and gain leverage towards suspending Brady for less games, then this league and commissioner is in shambles

  14. Whoops haters I know you will bend yourself crazy trying to come up with any and all plausible fantastic reasons why this infomation does not make a difference so take the Patriots out of league, tar and feather Tom Brady and his beautiful wife while your at it. Still pathetic pandering to your own basic philosophy of hating winners so you can somehow become one. Give it up and joined true sportsman in America, and stop trying to tarnish Tom Brady’s earned accomplisments. Tom Brady is not guilty of anything but greatness. You pathetic slobering cowards. Read “Roger Goodell should take a page from his father Senator Charles Goodell’s playbool” by Maureen Dowd, Seattle Times, Sept. 15, 2014. Also while your at it read: “Congress probes NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell on Ray Rice case by Jim Corbett, USA today, Sept. 20, 2014

  15. Finally, an objective view of the few facts in the report. Thank you.

    But left out a bit:

    ” However, for a given set of measurements, the differential between the gauges generally remained consistent when compared to a calibrated gauge”

    When compared to a calibrated gauge? So the gauges uses were NOT CALIBRATED?

    More scrutiny should be on the NFL’s lack of simple procedures, like documenting the pressures measured before the game.

    The Pats are going to pay the price for the NFL’s lack of simple QA procedures.

  16. Flawed evidence means reasonable doubt. The NFL cannot conclude that tampering happened. If they say it did, this story will go on forever. This Steeler fan want Tom Brady on the field opening day for a no excuses victory.

  17. Sounds like a defense lawyers argument – the bottom one is that the Pats , love them or hate them push the envelope as far as they can more than any franchise since the old Raiders , and compromise the spirit if not the letter of the rules of the game – and even worse they could be winners without doing so – Belichick should think about whether what his organization does is consistent with what his dad and the Naval Academy stand for

  18. Ted Wells assumes…yea right… They had a great opportunity to end this mess once and for all and obviously they failed, miserably. If you have no proof, close the case, thats it. “More probable than not”….really?? This is a joke…

  19. .3 psi difference wouldn’t have them all the way down around 10.5 psi. Either way you measure the psi with a junk Wilson or non labeled gauge or a high tech more accurate digital gauge someone was releasing the air by command of the person the psi in those balls affect the most. Hmmm. I had brady on my chamionship ff team last year and won mostly by picking him up lol thanks tom brady.

  20. You mean they might not have enough evidence to crucify Tom Terrific? Oh the haters are going to be so pissed off at this! Seriously though, how can the league impose a draconian punishment when the evidence is so dodgy?

  21. Fans of 31 teams need to check the patriots fumbling history under Bellichick’s tenure (2000-present). Data says they have been cheating since 2007, after rule change Brady lobbied for.

  22. How many times will the NFL and it’s lackeys in the media smear Brady in this kangeroo court?

    Shame on you all.

  23. Patriots fumble rate 2000-06: once per 42 touches
    Patriots fumbe rate 2007-14: once per 74 touches

    The data is accurate. Don’t listen to PAtriots lies. They’ve been cheating for years. Research it.

  24. Let the excuses begin. After all it’s Brady. Maybe it was aliens? Did anyone look into that? If this was any other team in the NFL, this would have been swift and to the point. And whatever the punishment would not be good enough.

  25. If he came clean this would have all gone away. He lied about not knowing.
    That’s why he should be suspended. Integrity of the game.

    Take that rule out of the books!

  26. There was deflation because the employee had the nickname of “deflator”. The difference in measurements just affects the degree of deflation, not the proof of deflation.

  27. I guess if he came clean, that there is a high risk that he will get suspended for the Super Bowl. Oh well, what would anyone do. Pay now then.

  28. Both the ‘official findings’ and this newly offered explanation are predicated on assumption. But to believe that there actually was no discrepancy requires you to ignore the very clear indications of the truth in the phone records.

    It is all of the text exchanges between all parties, as well as the abnormal voice call activities between ‘JJ’ and Brady after the story broke which highly suggest that a pattern of deliberate circumvention of the rules occurred over the course of the 2014 season.

    On a personal note, I believe Brady truly deserves suspension, but would rather it ended prior to our teams’ first meeting in Week 8. Based on splitting the series with them for the past two seasons, it comes to mind that we have a reasonable chance of defeating them even with Tom, and even if he was cheating…and in that case, I wouldn’t want his absence to diminish the awesome feeling we get whenever we beat them.

    That’s what gets lost in all the back-and-forth between divisional rivals; you might hate each other on principle, but without that dynamic, the experience of the game we all enjoy so much would be significantly diminished.

  29. In the report it states the standard they used was if one set of readings is in the allowable zone that’s good.

    At halftime NONE of the pats ball were. And the colts balls passed.

    The same scientific gas law or what ever gave it a 0.4 % chance of this happening if you read down more than the one line pats fan keep taking out of context about no proof.

  30. Finally someone making sense. It’d be nice to know the NFL is a real sports league not an entertainment outlet constantly subject to popular opinion.

    I’ve been staring at those numbers for days now. What’s the implication that they took .25 psi out of footballs? You kiddin?

  31. So what this article leads me to believe is that the text messages etc, show by a preponderance that the balls were tampered with. Brady and the equipment guys cheated. Now this pressure guage argument may show that even with the cheating, the balls psi may have been within the legal range. I doubt it, but maybe. Even so, it doesn’t change the fact that it appears that at Brady’s direction the equipment guys deflated the balls, and Brady stonewalled Wells. Suspend him Mr. Commissioner.

  32. I am a Pats fan, let’s get that out of the way. Looking at the report objectively, the strongest evidence to me is the “I’m not going to ESPN…yet” text. The science is flawed, particularly since it relies on an assumption that Anderson is being completely honest, and some of the other arguments and conclusions are just plain illogical (Brady contacted McNally after the report ergo they must have been planning a cover up. What I want is more context to those texts. The best way would be to release the transcripts of the interviews, or maybe to hear from Brady himself at some point. The report also says that Brady specifically requested McNally bring a copy of the 12.5 PSI rule to the refs before the games, which indicates to me he wanted them at 12.5. It also suggests that the refs blew the PSI up over 16 before the Jets game, which indicates Brady probably was pissed about the issue and had discussed it, and that nobody actually gave a crap about PSI to begin with in terms of “integrity of the game.”

  33. Here’s an idea:

    If it’s true Brady, and probably every other quarterback ever, prefers a slightly lower psi rating to simply have a slightly better grip ………. why don’t we make the conclusion of all this to change the psi standard to a slightly lower one that is preferable to quarterbacks? Why is no one asking the question of why is the psi standard so high a psi in the first place?

    Because that would be too simple and reasonable????

    Or…..why doesn’t the league in response to this simply allow each quarterback/team a reasonable range of psi they can choose themselves like a baseball player can choose his own glove?

  34. restoreintegritytonfl says:
    May 10, 2015 10:31 AM
    Fans of 31 teams need to check the patriots fumbling history under Bellichick’s tenure (2000-present). Data says they have been cheating since 2007, after rule change Brady lobbied for.

    If I hear another dolt bring this nonsense up I’m going to throw up! The changes made in 2006 were made by Peyton and Brady and they have nothing to do with PSI. Rather, it was that all QB’s could bring the balls in roughed up the way they like. ALL teams benefited from this. The Pats lower fumbling rate is NOT due to that rule; rather it is due to BB hard-nose. Bill Parcells (his mentor) stance on fumbling and the punishments he doles out for anyone who fumbles!

  35. This whole #deflategate debacle just proved its time for Goodell to go. The mishandling of everything from the moment Grigson called to tattle to the releasing of the report without a predetermined punishment. 4 games for Brady appealed to two. $250k to the Pats and stripped a third or fourth 2016 pick.

  36. Did they take into consideration every time you poke the ball with a gauge you let a small amount of air out. Every time. In a football thy small amount of air would be a great deal if you are trying to measure it accurately.
    Also if all balls were set to 12.5 how did the colts balls get over-inflated?

  37. That Roger Goodell is paid about $50 million per year is, by far, the most amazing thing in the world. He couldn’t find his own butt with both hands and a flashlight.

  38. Actually if you read the report, Anderson said he thought they used the gauge with the logo, but wasn’t 100% sure. So naturally, Wells concluded that Anderson used the gauge without the logo for the testing.

    Here is the text directly from page 52 of th Wells Report:

    “Although Anderson‟s best recollection is that he used the Logo Gauge, he said that it is certainly possible that he used the Non-Logo Gauge.”

    Based on this, there was only one conclusion that Wells could have come to and assumed Anderson definitely used the gauge with no logo to use for all the “scientific” experiments./sarcasm

    Also, note that Exponent said they could not come to any conclusions based on the data and made all their rulings based on the assumptions given to them by Wells and his team.

  39. I don’t care what the gauges said or didn’t say. The texts between PATRIOTS employees and references to Brady’s bribery of said employees is enough. The lying after the fact and refusal to cooperate are the nail in Brady’s coffin.

  40. To avoid this sort of mess, the NFL should either take full control of the balls again or – let the teams do whatever they want to them.

    Let any team run whatever psi they want to.

    If it’s fair for everybody, what the hell does the psi matter?

  41. The moment Wells was brought in and paid $5 million to investigate, we all knew the nfl needed a fall guy.

    There may not be strong proof, but no fall guy means that Goodell just looks ridiculous for spending $5 million on this investigation

    Unfortunately for him, the blind Brady/Patriots hate is starting to subside and people are seeing how bad he looks and how bad he’s making the nfl look.

    Goodell needs to go in favor of a commissioner who puts the league first over his own image

  42. vegasmoose says:
    May 10, 2015 10:17 AM
    Just being a fan of football unbiased to this…
    whatever the penalties the Patriots and Tom Brady receive I would be terrified to face an angry bill belichick and brady after serving his suspension,,,
    _________________________________
    Dude, they’re professional football players. They’re the baddest asses on the planet. They aren’t terrified of anybody.

  43. “There was deflation because the employee had the nickname of “deflator”. The difference in measurements just affects the degree of deflation, not the proof of deflation.”

    Well, I think “the deflator” comment can be read numerous ways, without context. We know Brady likes the footballs on the lower side, so he could simply be referring to the fact that he was responsible for deflating the footballs down to 12.5. The fact that this whole mess is referred to as “Deflategate” immediately caused some to scream smoking gun, but I don’t read it that way objectively. It certainly could, but I could see it as reference to him just being responsible for lowering the pressure to a legal limit, as well. Again, there’s no context. Transcripts would help.

  44. Perspective from the NFL Game Operations Manual

    “Once the balls have left the locker room, no one, including players, equipment managers, ball boys, and coaches, is allowed to alter the footballs in any way. If any individual alters the footballs, or if a non-approved ball is used in the game, the person responsible and, if appropriate, the head coach or other club personnel will be subject to discipline, including but not limited to, a fine of $25,000.”

    The Vikings and Panthers were both caught doing the same thing this year and told to stop it.

  45. Bingo. Which is why this whole PSI nonsense has been nonsense from the start. Every cold weather game in history was played with “under inflated” footballs. Should we go back and play them again?

    The only reason people think it’s clear cut the Pats or Brady are getting in trouble is because they WANT it to happen and have turned a blind eye (or haven’t even read) the assumptions and theories of the Wells Report. Even the stooges text messages do not clearly proof anything occurred after the balls were inspected. Hopefully the Pats and Brady continue to fight this garbage, but even if they choose not to it’ll be nice to see the Patriots make the rest of the league pay next season on the field. Can’t wait to witness the wrath of the Pats all over everyone and walk through the tears of the haters crying again.

  46. This is a fun off season.

    I love it that we have 31 teams vs 1. Pats fans are beyond defensive and delusional problem ding laughs for the rest of us who actually read the report so we can’t blindly accept their be excuses.

    Forever tainted and nobody cares about your rings that don’t count on our minds anymore.

  47. Look, the NFL and the Wells investigation have badly mishandled this whole thing. I say we start from scratch: let Brady use deflated balls for the season opener and then test them and suspend him. 🙂

  48. Dear Morons, the fumble story was rebuked multiple times and the author went and hid under a rock – but if you want to hang your hat on the analysis of a sports wager site, go ahead

    The Wells report makes several assumptions that are unfavorable to the Pats . .. starting with the premise that the refs are competent, trustworthy, etc. ya know, the same guys that started the second half with NO BALLS.

    Is anyone at all interested that the Patriots played with a ball at 16 PSI ? I guess its ok for a ref to undermine the integrity of the game

  49. There is zero evidence that Brady instructed the balls be deflated below legal limits.

    Do I think something unethical happened here? Yes. It hurts to say.

    But as a fan of the game and the team since 6 years old, for 50 years over multiple generations of ownership, coaches, and of course players, I have re-assessed. And I will remain a fan of the Patriots. I have to stick by my team and my quarterback (insert TO tears here…).

    I do believe something bad happened, but with zero evidence that Brady colluded and directed an illegal practice, I stand by him.

  50. The NFL has paid millions to investigate this…

    And all they have achieved is more controversy..

    Fire Roger please…

  51. It should be clear by now that this was a sting operation without the actual sting.

    The Patriots were not warned about any concerns, unlike the Vikings who were gently reminded that you’re not allowed to heat the footballs on the sideline.

    The league office is filled with ex-Jets officials, who were more than happy to try and “catch” the Patriots in the act, than warn them of any concerns.

    And, of course, the investigation entirely ignored any lapses in NFL procedures —

    1. We’re taking Walt Anderson’s memory that the Patriot’s footballs were 12.5 pre-game. Were they 12.6, 12.3, 12.2? We don’t know. I’m sure you’ve seen the MMQB video piece where an official sticks a pin in the football, declares it’s “close enough” and tosses it to the next guy.

    2. How did a football after the Jets game measure close to 16psi? Apparently it was re-inflated and yet not re-measured by officials. Is this a widespread practice?

    And, to your question in the piece — yes, it appears Exponent backtracked from the Ideal Gas Law, their experiments, and the statistics to determine which gauge they believe Anderson “most likely” used. And, yes, that’s the extent of incriminating science.

  52. Well it appears that Bobby Kraft has “influenced” this site to the point of losing all objectivity.

  53. I’m sure Brady likes his footballs as soft as possible that would still pass muster when the refs check and handle them all game. That’s about all he may be “guilty” of, pushing the envelope. Just like Rodgers says, sometimes the refs reject his overinflated balls. So give Brady a gentle warning like the Vikings and Panthers got this past season, if you really feel this warrants any remark – even though the actual psi readings are somewhat botched and unclear.

    Oh wait, this is Goodell the Lying Grandmaster of Botch, tarnished (and unfunny) jester to the court of public opinion. And the Wells “investigation”? More like a kangaroo court’s mafia lawyer proving black is white whilst pocketing a nice billfold, and screw the facts.

  54. I think Brady is guilty and that he should be punished but the Wells report is a joke if you take the time to really read through it.

    The NFL paid for a report that paints Brady and the Patriots in a negative light and they got what they paid for.

    What I think is funny is how people read this and just assume it’s on the up and up. Now if wouldn’t expect anyone outside of New England to give the Patriots the benefit of the doubt, they don’t deserve it given their history. But the NFL? Haha, how can anyone take any of their “investigations” seriously?

    Goodell is a hack. During Super Bowl week he stated unequivocally that he had no knowledge of the ball issues before the AFC championship game yet the Wells report clearly shows the NFL league office was aware of the issue weeks before the game.

    If the league wants to suspend Brady so be it. If they want to fine the Patriots for not fully cooperating go right ahead. But the Wells report is pure garbage and needs to be treated accordingly.

    The NFL has a long way to go to regain the trust of it’s fans and any sense of respectability and regardless of how people feel about “deflate-gate” I think we can all agree that the first necessary step towards transparency and accountability is firing Roger Goodell.

  55. “I don’t care what the gauges said or didn’t say. The texts between PATRIOTS employees and references to Brady’s bribery of said employees is enough. The lying after the fact and refusal to cooperate are the nail in Brady’s coffin.”

    Come on, man, that’s not evidence of bribery. NFL players do this kind of stuff for personnel all the time. The fact that Wells assumes it’s quid pro quo demonstrates a lack of Understanding of NFL culture at best, and stretching arguments to reach a predetermined conclusion at worst.

  56. A majority of the public does not like Brady/Belichik and Boston sports and jump in the discussion with bias. It’s easier to defame public figures you don’t like, Brady, Bonds, ARod.
    By admission all professional athletes are looking for that competitive edge by pushing the boundaries. Stickem, pine tar, vasoline on jerseys and baseballs. I’m sure one of your idols has done something that just never made it to light.
    Enjoy the entertainment that professional sports are and stop placing yourself on your favorite teams rosters. Too many fans are truly fanatical about sports.

  57. Not buying it. By the way, who’s going to be the Patriots’ backup, I mean starting QB in 2015?

  58. Step back from the the question of guilt and/or complicity in this scandal and look at the bungled way in which this operation was initially carried out.

    I have no quibbles with the Wells report, but he’s obviously working within the confines of a less than stellar effort from the get go by the league office to catch cheating in the act.

    If Goodell had his act together, there would have been no need for the Ted Wells “investigation” It would have been an open and shut case.

    For every single botched incident the league office has handled this year, only one conclusion can be drawn… GOODELL NEEDS TO GO!

  59. And this is what they are using to suspend Brady? Give me a break. How freaking pathetic. Just inept and pathetic.

    NO BASIS for suspension based on this article.

  60. You could measure the same ball with the same pressure gauge and get a half psi variation depending on user. It also makes no sense the league would have two different styles of gauge. Sure, you need a backup, but you don’t make it a different model.

  61. The texts, although damning in a sterile context, are not necessarily proof. They may be joking about things in a way other people may not understand. If a ref inflates a ball to 16 psi, and the ball boy puts it to 13, then jokes about being a deflator. It’s all context. Any good lawyer will rip the Wells report to shreds. The NFL knows it, Wells knows it, and the Pats know it. The ball’s in Roger’s court now, and we all know how well he handles important decisions.
    I really hope Brady and Kraft sue the NFL on this, regardless of any punishment. And we all know how well the NFL does in court.

  62. fanofpft says:

    The same scientific gas law or what ever gave it a 0.4 % chance of this happening if you read down more than the one line pats fan keep taking out of context about no proof.

    *******************
    Yes, but that 0.4 relates to a certain set of assumptions that may not be appropriate, not only on the gauges, but also on the wetness of the balls.

    They bury that analysis in the appendix and then discount that by noting that it was unlikely based on parameters provided by Wells himself regarding wetness, etc. Circle jerk. The key stone cops provided the data and the overall parameters

  63. Outside of Ridley, no other RB fumble at all. The ones that were passes, some were clear butterfingers, others caused by the Defense, while the rest were clear drops (after the defense knock the ball carrier senseless). If Ridley did not play for the Pats, the number of fumbles would drop drastically.

    Gee all you haters were ready to ban TB for life, you sound like the overzealous DA who was proud to put the criminal away (sometimes costing a life) only to find out the socall criminal was innocent. Anderson would have used the higher reading gauge initially and the lower reading gauge at half time. I guess this contributes to a slam-dunk case of “probable” case of tampering. If Anderson used the same gauge both times, the footballs would probably be found to be within limits.

    Another thing, when they found 3of 4 Colts Balls were also deflated, why was no blame mention at all.

    THE FRAMEGATE WAS ON!

  64. The Patriots fans are out in full force to defend their franchise on a technicality. Forget the actual pressure of the balls, I don’t believe for a second it affected the outcome of the game. However, Bradys act of putting the wheels in motion to alter the footballs is absolutely a code of conduct violation. It tells us what we need to know about the person. The fans on here blaming Goodell and the NFL – your QB found a way to cheat the system. Stealing a pack of gum or stealing a car – it doesn’t matter. I wonder sometimes about how many of you are parents?

  65. I agree with nohopeleft. We have come to the sorry state where it doesn’t matter if we lie or cheat so long as you can come up with something plausible to make a side of the story fit with what you want it to be. Tom Brady either had the balls adjusted or he didn’t. Somebody messed with the pressure in the balls. It’s against the rules or its not. Simple as that. And we wonder why our kids have such cavalier attitudes regarding integrity and honesty.

  66. Here’s a question: why did the NFL not correct the erroneous reports of PSI measurements published on ESPN and around which that entire media debacle centered? Why, instead, did they sit on their hands through the entire process, all the while knowing that the key report was wrong? If I’m Robert Kraft, I need a really good answer for that.

  67. I forgot to give complete quotes from page 52 of the Wells report. It’s says in the body of the text on that page:

    “Although Anderson‟s best recollection is that he used the Logo Gauge, he said that it is certainly possible that he used the Non-Logo Gauge”

    That part is footnoted that reads:

    “For the reasons described in Section VII.B, we believe it is more probable that Anderson used the Non-Logo
    Gauge for his pre-game measurements.”

    Here is the reasoning in Section VII.B:

    “In addition, Exponent determined that when the Logo and Non-Logo Gauges measure an identical pressure, different readings are produced. According to Exponent, the Logo Gauge produced readings that were generally in the range of 0.3-0.4 psi higher than the NonLogo
    Gauge. However, for a given set of measurements, the differential between the gauges generally remained consistent when compared to a calibrated gauge. In other words, in the short term, both the Logo Gauge and Non-Logo Gauge read consistently, though differently from each other. Exponent‟s experimental results were aligned with the measurements recorded at halftime, which indicated a consistent gauge-to-gauge differential of 0.3-0.45 psi. Exponent relied upon this information, as well as the fact that during the testing the Non-Logo Gauge never produced a reading higher than the Logo Gauge, to conclude that Walt Anderson most likely used the Non-Logo Gauge to inspect the game balls prior to the game”

    So in other words, even though Anderson recalled that he more probably than not used the loged gauge, Exponent determined he used the non-logoed gauge because it makes the Pats look more guilty.

  68. The problem with this entire thing is that far too many people, including the “investigators”, have started from the point of view that the Patriot’s cheated and are now just looking for evidence to prove it. That’s why anytime there is incomplete evidence in this report, the conclusion that is drawn skews into the direction that there was cheating.

    Hell, even the text messages are far from the smoking gun people are making them out to be. Can they be read to mean something fishy? Yes. However, they could also be read to be perfectly innocent, but most people want to believe there was wrong doing so that’s the lens they look at them through.

  69. two things are clear to the unbiased observer. first is that there was an intent to alter the balls. second is a failure to cooperate with the workplace investigation.

    these two items in and of themselves, especially when coupled with spygate, indicate that this team just doesn’t care what the league says. the pats thinking is its better and more expedient to ask forgiveness than permission.

    for that arrogance they should get hammered…..

  70. That is an important point however what’s another important point is the fact that regardless of which gauge was used the Colts footballs measured were all within legal limit.

    So, this may be considered a loophole however the texts of Larry and Curly, proven lies and failure to comply with the investigation by Moe still point to tampering.

  71. Aaron Rodgers exact quote from a Milwaukee Radio Station interview in regards to his preference of over inflating footballs above the league minimum.

    “The majority of people don’t like throwing brand-new footballs, and that’s why the change was made and Peyton was big on helping all the quarterbacks out with that,” Rodgers said. “But if they’re going to let us prep them the way we want them, I don’t believe they should be able to take air out of the footballs.”

    What does it show that QBs are going to be quiet on this topic when asked about Brady and unfortunately understand that Brady and NE once again will take the fall for all other QBs and Teams because a team blows the whistle on one team who wins all the time and not on the teams that don’t.

    Yes Brady was lobbying with Peyton for the above reason mentioned by Rodgers but that was because all QBs felt the same way Manning and Brady felt. Rodgers is flat out saying it “But if they’re going to let us prep them the way we want them, I don’t believe they should be able to take air out of the footballs.” In his case he’s telling the NFL and refs don’t touch my balls after my team (equipment managers) has prepped them.

    Tell me the difference….someone tell me the difference and there is a reason Manning and other QBs don’t want comment because they have been doing exactly what Rodgers stated and that is no different than Brady.

    Checkmate

  72. To borrow from that NY QB who use to wear number 12, Florio I could kiss you right now.

    Exactly. Finally. A little objective free analysis. The world hasn’t gone mad.

  73. I’ve been saying this since the report came out.
    only article I’ve seen mention it.
    wells ignored it.
    media ignoring it
    league ignoring it.

  74. Finally, a story that talks about enforcement of the rules! With everyone focused on Brady and his involvement, which is mostly speculation. The one thing we do know, is that the footballs were not handled properly IAW leagues rules. Yet, as a result, we want to go straight to punishing Brady and the Patriots. A couple of questions I have, 1) Had the rules been applied appropriately, would this have occurred? 2) Can the rules be properly enforced or does the rule require self-policing by the teams?

  75. If this were a criminal case, the facts in this article alone would be more than enough to get this entire case dismissed immediately. That’s a fact, and if you don’t believe me, you don’t understand what constitutes evidence in a criminal case.

    Luckily for everyone who wants to string the Patriots up over this, the NFL doesn’t worry itself with things like facts and evidence and pretty much makes everything up as they go along.

  76. It dont matter to us REAL PATRIOT FANS….
    He is THE GRATEST QB IN NFL HISTORY!!

    Keep on moving Tom “Teriffic”!!

  77. If the NFL can’t suspend Brady at least 4 games for Deflategate they can suspend him for 6 games for wearing Uggs.

  78. bigbenh8tr says:
    May 10, 2015 10:45 AM
    This is a fun off season.

    I love it that we have 31 teams vs 1. Pats fans are beyond defensive and delusional problem ding laughs for the rest of us who actually read the report so we can’t blindly accept their be excuses.

    Forever tainted and nobody cares about your rings that don’t count on our minds anymore.

    ======

    I would bet everything I own that you didn’t read the report.

  79. Now pats fans say the refs made the balls 16 psi for the jets game and not Larry and Curly what a laugher.

    Jimmy didn’t get his new kicks Omg! spaz.

  80. I bet Nfl suspends Brady then it’s overturned. Its the only way everyone saves face. I bet the Nfl report purposely has flaws so Brady wins an appeal.

  81. gmen6820 says:
    May 10, 2015 10:28 AM

    There are text messages that prove that the balls were tampered with!
    ———————————————————
    No, there ISN’T. If you can find one, show us HERE.

    That’s the whole problem; the text messages do NOT show that any footballs were deflated to BELOW 12,5 PSI

    NONE

    And all you haters fail to realize that.

    The Wells report is tragically, and self-admittedly, flawed.

    You don’t trash a man’s reputation over “I can’t prove it, but I THINK he did it”

  82. Really? People are saying the pats haven’t fumbled the ball as many times from 07 till present? ??? You guys are idiots the pats mostly pass the ball since 05 or so before that they were a ground and pound team so that means the HB got the ball more which means more hits unbelievable

  83. Good points.

    Did they cheat a little or a lot?

    Of course texts, etc. show they cheated, fumbling records show they’ve cheated a long time and spygate shows they’re serial cheaters.

    But Brady and the Pats should be allowed to cheat, right Pats’ fans?

    Pats without cheating = a poor man’s Buffalo Bills and Brady = a poor man’s Jim Kelly.

    A year.

    LOL

  84. Here comes the excuses…………..

    There must have been defective gauges and that will be the excuse as to why they can’t suspend a high profile quarterback of CHEATING.

    The Patriots cheat, it’s a proven fact. They deflate footballs, they illegally video tape their opponents and that is just what they’ve been caught doing, but the list is much longer then that. They are proud that they win by cheating. Go to their stadium and look what is hanging from their rafters. It’s a snowplow from a football game which they won back in 1982 by cheating. It is now called “The Snowplow Game” where they had a ground crew member clear out a path so the Patriots could kick a field goal without snow getting in their way.

    Here’s an idea, if they want the TRUTH, forget about what gauges were used during the GAMES that the Patriots deflated footballs, just have Tom Brady hand over his phone records! Yeah, he won’t do that because the truth is in those text messages. Tommy doesn’t want the public to be able to read how he talks down to people and that he cheats to win. THAT is what would tarnish his “legacy”, that people actually knew the truth about him.

    If anyone has ever played with a deflated football before you would know that it is similar to playing with a Nerf football. It is WAY easier to throw, and also much easier to catch too. It’s no surprise that they had so few dropped passes, how can anyone drop a pass when they can just squeeze the ball like a Nerf football?

    Brady is guilty and should be suspended for at least 8 games for CHEATING and for NOT handing over the evidence that could either exonerate him or find him guilty. Brady should allow the NFL to have full access to his phone records and if not, he should be prepared to sit out the entire season.

  85. Brady is guilty. Period

    But…

    If there are inconsistencies within the report, then that information was put there on purpose, by design, for an alterior motive. Ted Wells is a puppet to Goodell and will do whatever he is instructed to do. The NFL needs to accomplish 2 things here. 1) Calm the masses of people who believe cheating occured. 2) Not invalidate a playoff game outcome (more important to the NFL). By putting different measurements within the report along with copies of texts eluding to tampering, the NFL effectively accomplishes both. It supports a media narative that the integrity of the games was only compromised by faulty equipment rather than human tampering. But also allows the public to get “thier guy” (Brady). This is the “save face” stage of the ‘brush under rug’ process, all designed to make Goodell & the shield come out looking polished (but the smell of mold is hard to vanquish).

  86. Ok so simple math here..if you take the average of the game balls at half time..it is 11.48 psi…well within the 11.35-11.51 that was “suggested” to be the pressure…and if tom Brady wanted the balls to be under inflated…than wouldn’t it have been a lot more drastic that this..I mean 3 of the balls were technically over inflated..this report is garbage and Goodell isn’t doing any justice here..

  87. Still not sure how they “know” Brady is to blame for the deflated footballs. Just because he benefits the most (not even sure if that is a factual statement) doesn’t mean he did it. Is there some smoking gun they’re hiding that shows he’s guilty? Somebody who saw or heard him ask that the balls be deflated? Btw, not giving up his cell phone isn’t enough proof for me.

    Or an I just being naïve?

  88. Seems like the person who should be suspended is Roger Goodell for his dysfunctional office that he oversees. This would never have happended under Pete Rozelle or Tags but most who comment here are too young to understand.

    The reason the ball boys turned the phones over were they were property of the NFL. Brady’s phone is his own property and he is smart not to allow his phone info to turn up on TMZ.

    Brady is a brand worth millions of $$$, the NFL better make sure they are 100% sure before suspending him based on speculation.

    And if you think he will take his possible suspension lightly, I have a feeling that another high priced law firm ( hired by TB)is very busy this weekend preparing for any result.

    Super Bowl Champions 2014

  89. This whole report does prove absolutely one thing beyond a resonable doubt. GoodeLL and his cronies couldn’t run a one car funeral. Even with Anderson being tipped off and looking for a problem with the Pats balls he 1. Lost sight of them for a while before kickoff, and 2. Can’t remember nor did he record his starting pressure or what gauge was used. Shows you how these Bozos fell all over themselves trying to convict the GREATEST QB OF OUR TIME. All you haters keep on hating, and we will keep supporting our 4 TIME SUPER BOWL CHAMPION AND 3 time MVP. Nothing any of you imbeciles will do or say will ever tarnish the greatest QB in our eyes. GoodeLL and his ex-jet cronies fell into a pot of gold called the NFL. All your whining and crying to Imbecile GoodeLL will only add fuel to our fire, and watch out for the near future as JIMMY G, will carry the torch once TB retires.

  90. I love all the fumbling excuses…

    “But Belichick coaches them not to fumble.”

    Like other coaches don’t but even if Cheat had a special method of not fumbling why do players begin fumbling when they leave the Pats and why did their fumbling get cut in half in year 1 of the new rule allowing the Pats to deflate balls?

    “But the Pats are a passing team.”

    Yes, and every pass must end with a knee or a TD because receivers don’t fumble. LOL. Also, see above.

    You’re cheaters. You worship a team, an owner, a coach and a QB who are morally bankrupt and believe in cheating to win.

    There is no argument about that.

    They’ve been caught again and forever, your team is tainted.

  91. There is no way this holds up when Tom Brady forces the NFL to an arbitrator. If the NFL goes for a suspension, I could see that getting thrown out.

    The NFL can’t even guarantee that a violation occurred (their own gauges say that 5 of the balls are ‘within expectations’, 3 below, and 3 above…). How is an arbitrator going to uphold a suspension when there isn’t even certainty of a violation?

    Also, why is there such a discrepancy between the two gauges if this is such an important rule to suspend a player over?

  92. What is most amazing is that Anderson knew that the balls went missing prior to kickoff and didn’t recheck them! Knowing that the suspicion was there from the get go, why would he let the drama unfold? and who influenced him to “look away” at the single most critical juncture of the process?
    The entire exercise of measuring the balls at halftime was totally botched; and that is more than enough proof to render inconclusive evidence. But, this is the NFL?!

  93. having the only starting pre games psi’s be a guesstamation from walt andersons memory of the patriots balls being 12.5 and the colts being 13 , makes the entire scientific part of that report completely meaningless to any reasonable person ! unless of course you hate tom brady and the patriots and want to nail them regardless of the evidence

  94. farez72 says:
    May 10, 2015 11:11 AM
    Really? People are saying the pats haven’t fumbled the ball as many times from 07 till present? ??? You guys are idiots the pats mostly pass the ball since 05 or so before that they were a ground and pound team so that means the HB got the ball more which means more hits unbelievable
    ———-

    Every team in the league has historically averaged between one fumble every 36-56 plays…(Pats were right in the middle at once every 46 plays from 2000-2006)

    Suddenly in 2007-2014 the Patriots had an unprecedented and DRASTIC improvement and their fumble rates when they dropped to once every 76 plays while the rest of the league still stayed in the 36-56 range.

    They are a COMPLETE STATISTICAL OUTLIER SINCE 2007!!! A lot of teams became “Pass happy” over the years and no one even comes close to the Patriots fumbling statistics. Coincidentally right in the exact year that this rule became available to tamper with the footballs after they’ve been approved by refs.

  95. If the NFL cant even use accurate gauges… HOW can the wells report claim tampering? These Ted Wells reports are nothing more than witch hunts.

    Notice, every year there is a new Scandal. The accused witch is never innocent. Incognitos texts showed that he was a meathead, but he treated Martin like a friend. He got thrown under a bus.

    1) Deflategate
    2) Domestic Violence gate
    3) Bully gate (Incognito got screwed)
    4) NFL Lockout/collusion gate (Redskins cowboys)
    5) Bountygate. (Uh the saints aimed for opposing players injuries… DUH common sense)

    Roger Goodell tugs on your strings of outrage, and the puppets dance for NFL profit.

  96. The NFLPA should file a grievance against ESPN for ,once again, giving bogus information that has set an incorrect narrative in an investigation.
    ESPN should receive a 10 year sanction from covering NFL games, news, etc. They are the Al Jazeera of sports news.

  97. It was really nice of Moe to give Curly the self-proclaimed “deflator” some neat autographed memorabilia to not have watermelons on Sunday.

    Turn your cell phone over to your own attorneys, Moe. What are you hiding?

  98. Also, how can a player be forced to turn over their private information, when the NFL cant stop these constant leaks?

    The nfl needs to do something about it, and it starts with getting rid of the guy dragging the NFL in the mud, Roger Goodell.

  99. Once again anything initiated from an ESPN report shouldn’t be simply because ESPN along with their commentators are a JOKE!

  100. So many jealous haters on this site. I am not even a Pats fan and I just fail to see what the big deal is in any of this. Half a team uses steroids then wins the superbowl the next year, nobody says a word. A football is a minuscule amount under inflated in a 35 point blow out, everyone loses their minds.

  101. “You don’t trash a man’s reputation over “I can’t prove it, but I THINK he did it””

    Greg Hardy would like you to explain that to the Commissioner.

  102. The biggest flaw is no record of pre game pressures. Amazingly they go on the ref’s memory!! Kangaroo court and three stooges NFL investigation by Goodell and Wells.

    Now that the NFL is knee deep in this abomination when they had tons of reasons to bow out gracefully they will dig in and try to save face and tarnish a true champion.

  103. Quit with the technicalities …………the burden of proof in this case is a “preponderance of guilt” which has been more than proven with the confiscated emails. Also, Brady’s refusal to turn over his phone is evidence enough for even greater punishment. I’ve always liked Brady and the Pat’s for the most part but the constant bending/breaking of the rules has got to be dealt with firmly and expediently to stop the continued nonsense and to send a message to the rest of the league. Goodell had no problem sending a message to the likes of Ray Rice, A. Peterson, G.Hardy, Josh Gordon etc. etc. and now it’s time that he does the same with Brady ( the Pats, Belichek and Kraft). This idea of “was it a slap or a punch, was it discipline or abuse, was it a tainted urine sample because the cup had a crack in it, etc. is getting real sickening. If it walks like a duck and quacks like a duck…………….punish them.

  104. Why do I have this feeling that Goodell will try to use this to lessen the penalty on Brady? Particular when they said they would announce the punishment next week. They said it was to be last Friday. Something is up. Golden Boy may not get nearly as much as everybody thinks.

  105. More importantly, the fact that Walt Anderson had the game balls out of his possession “for the 1st time in 19 tears” and did nothing to confirm the balls were still at regulation pressure BEFORE the game started is a much much bigger discrepancy.

  106. Doesn’t change the comments Brady made years ago about his preference for under inflated balls or the text messages that were sent from and to the “deflator”. Next you will tell me he got that nickname because he is responsible for packing away the Macy’s parade balloons.

  107. Glad that someone has taken the time to actually read the scientific data. However, you are still wrong.

    No, the Pats footballs taken by that gauge were not consistent with the 11.52 – 11.32 PSI range at halftime.

    1) A minimum of 3 Patriots balls (or as many as 8) were underinflated as compared to that predicted by the ideal gas law (vs zero Colts balls), regardless of which gauge was used.

    2) A statistically significant difference in the reduction of average air pressure was present in Pats balls as compared to Colts balls, regardless of which gauge was used.

    3) The variability of the pressure measurements of the Pats balls was greater than for the Colts balls, regardless of which gauge was used.

  108. Well I guess the guages didn’t pass Mona Lisa Vito’s standard of being “dead on balls accurate” for her guages in My Cousin Vinny.
    Aside from the guages, there is a logical disconnect inherent here. Tom Brady stated that he wanted the balls at the lower limit of 12.5 PSI and stated that he asked the attendants to make sure that was the case.i.e. to deflate them to that level if necessary. One of the attendants was even quoted in the report to have told the officials this. If Tom Brady wanted the balls at 12.5 PSI and the balls for the day in question were stated to have been adjusted to that pressure, why in the world would the attendant have taken it upon himself to lower the balls to a PSI beyond that point and alledgedly to do it in way that would almost certainly have resulted in inconsistency among the balls? It doesn’t make any sense.

  109. Look this is real simple, the teams should have nothing to do with any of the balls moving forward.

    The Refs show up for each game with 50 balls to be used for regular play and 20 for punting/kicking

    Both teams use the same balls

    The Refs handle them before the game, during, and they are rechecked after. Then they are given to players or sold for charity.

  110. Just more pandering to the NE apologists. They were caught red handed. The report clearly states that it was known that one gauge read .35 – .40 psi off. It was a known variable.

    If Brady had cooperated with the investigation they would have even more damning evidence.

    There is doubt what happened, and what had been happening in New England.

  111. gmen6820 says:
    May 10, 2015 10:28 AM

    You don’t trash a man’s reputation over “I can’t prove it, but I THINK he did it”
    ****
    And when that man (Brady) was asked on National TV after the SB.

    “Did you cheat?”

    He responded
    “I don’t THINK so.”

  112. Ok, here’s the thing….

    Maybe Brady wanted these footballs to be inflated to be at the low end of the legal limits. Which there’s nothing wrong with. But, because of how air reacts to temperature, and the AFC championship game was played OUTDOORS, in the cold, and rain. The balls air pressure was lower. But once you bring them back in, at halftime, it does take a little bit of time, but the air pressure reacts to the heat, and warmth, so you will get a higher pressure reading.

    Watch racing. Cars will keep their tires covered during hot summer days. Their pressure will go up because of the sun and heat. Night races, pressure won’t be affected as much. But you go from hot to cold, or cold to heat, the air pressure reacts differently.

    Same thing happens in northern states. Check your car tires. Go from hot to cold, your tire pressure does change. Might only be a pound or two. But on 35psi in a car tire, not noticeable. But on 12.5 psi in a football, it’s noticeable. Especially when it’s roughly 1 psi lower than the limit.

    Another variable factor. And where the NFL is really screwing up… 2 different pressure gauges. YOU CANNOT USE TWO GAUGES! Especially when your reading into the .00 range. You could calibrate your gauge, and just bumping it, dropping it, setting it down hard on a table or whatever, could throw the calibration off. Not only that, but two gauges won’t always read identical readings. When your measuring into the .00 range, it’s pretty hard to measure into the .00 and consistently be identical readings.

    I hate to break it to you. But Brady isn’t under any sort of criminal investigation. So he doesn’t need to surrender his phone. The NFL is kinda SOL. And until they come up with a better way of testing, I think that they are going to need to clear everyone of this. The NFL is, and has had some bad publicity by “reacting” to things in the past year. Where they should have actually had plans in place. I think instead of paying old Roger 40+mil for not doing anything, they better demand he starts coming up with contingency plans for all of these things that have happened in the past year. And get some better results from him for that 40+ mil salary he’s gotten.

  113. Blame the right people … It’s the NFL’s fault!
    Seriously teams get to use their own balls … You are just asking for trouble … dumb rule!
    It’s like using a snow plow to clear the field for one team to kick a FG and the other team has to kick it on the snow.

  114. nflpoker says:
    May 10, 2015 11:33 AM

    Why do I have this feeling that Goodell will try to use this to lessen the penalty on Brady? Particular when they said they would announce the punishment next week. They said it was to be last Friday. Something is up. Golden Boy may not get nearly as much as everybody thinks.

    I think you’re probably right.

    Despite being proven serial cheaters, Goodell is desperately trying to find a way to sweep it under a rug to retain Kraft’s favor.

    There will be a slap on the wrist followed by multiple stories of how the slight penalty was really, really bad.

    But Goodell better be careful. This has gone way beyond football to the mainstream news and at some point other owners are going to get tired of the Pats continued and relentless cheating.

    Kraft may be powerful (and a drunk) but he’s not more powerful than the NFL.

  115. I admit I’m a Brady fan and the Pats are my favorite AFC team but I also understand clearly that to bring my car tires to 35 psi, it would behove me to know first hand what pressure I’m starting with beforehand. Are my tires over and or under 35 before I begin.

    Since this data says there is no clear evidence of a starting point and there talking suspension, then the league has other evidence of emails of phone conversations that trap the culprits and not just psi measurements. If Brady is suspended then this must be the reason, not the actual measurements taken.

  116. rb6p says:
    May 10, 2015 11:34 AM

    Glad that someone has taken the time to actually read the scientific data. However, you are still wrong.

    No, the Pats footballs taken by that gauge were not consistent with the 11.52 – 11.32 PSI range at halftime.

    1) A minimum of 3 Patriots balls (or as many as 8) were underinflated as compared to that predicted by the ideal gas law (vs zero Colts balls), regardless of which gauge was used.

    2) A statistically significant difference in the reduction of average air pressure was present in Pats balls as compared to Colts balls, regardless of which gauge was used.

    3) The variability of the pressure measurements of the Pats balls was greater than for the Colts balls, regardless of which gauge was used.

    ————————————————————

    lol all of this is impossible to gauge without starting (pre game psi’s) , there is a tiny statistical different in air from colts to patriots but its all based on the colts balls being exactly 13.0 and the patriots balls being exactly 12.5 . the league CAN NOT base any decision on punishment on the science part of this SHAM report .

  117. @thejuddstir says:

    Quit with the technicalities …………the burden of proof in this case is a “preponderance of guilt” which has been more than proven with the confiscated emails. Also, Brady’s refusal to turn over his phone is evidence enough for even greater punishment. I’ve always liked Brady and the Pat’s for the most part but the constant bending/breaking of the rules has got to be dealt with firmly and expediently to stop the continued nonsense and to send a message to the rest of the league. Goodell had no problem sending a message to the likes of Ray Rice, A. Peterson, G.Hardy, Josh Gordon etc. etc. and now it’s time that he does the same with Brady ( the Pats, Belichek and Kraft). This idea of “was it a slap or a punch, was it discipline or abuse, was it a tainted urine sample because the cup had a crack in it, etc. is getting real sickening. If it walks like a duck and quacks like a duck…………….punish them.
    ____________________________________

    I totally agree. But the key part for me is that cover-up. They can come up with all the opinions about the report itself that they want, but the cover-up to me is the thing is what sinks Brady.

  118. . ESPN NFL Insider Adam Schefter tweeted something Saturday morning that resonated with me; it was advice on journalism and social media form Margaret Sullivan, public editor of the New York Times. Three points I highlighted were: Think more about fairness than objectivity; think about how close you can get to the truth; put yourself in the place of the people who will be affected by your work (that doesn’t mean to pull your punches). I think those can apply in more areas than journalism, and in fact, they are three reasons that highlight why I think commissioner Roger Goodell has erred badly from the start with the league’s handling of the Patriots and underinflated footballs, making this into a much bigger deal than it is. Over the last three days, I’ve digested the 243-page Wells report reading it multiple times, and with its bias and lack of fairness in certain areas, I truly can’t believe what the commissioner has done to the legacy and reputation of one of the greatest quarterbacks and ambassadors in the history of the game — all over air pressure in a football and without definitive proof he had anything to do with it.

  119. Why do I think this has been made to be a bigger deal than it is? I go back to the Vikings-Panthers game from November, with teams illegally heating footballs on the sideline and simply getting a warning from the NFL, and wonder how we got to this point with the Patriots and underinflated footballs. I go back to the Chargers using an illegal sticky substance on towels in 2012 and getting fined $25,000, and likewise wonder how we got to this point with the Patriots and underinflated footballs. Put the three situations together and only one requires a full-fledged investigation that will cost owners millions of dollars? In the interest of fairness, what am I missing? Add in comments from Packers quarterback Aaron Rodgers about his preference for overinflated footballs, and this New York Times story on Eli Manning and his football preparation, and it just seems we’ve gone off the rails here.

  120. I keep seeing this referred to as a Civil trial where you just need 50.1% yet in a Civil trial BOTH sides get to try and convince you of their side being right. This report is clearly favoring the tampering idea and comes off as the prosecutor not the judge.

    So how do you suspend a player just because the prosecutor says he thinks it’s more probable then not that he is guilty.

  121. Whatever anyone thinks about what did or didn’t happen, we are talking about a subject that the league has already demonstrated was insignificant when it comes to integrity of the game, which is exactly why the Vikes were merelywarned about warming the balls, and why the Colts seem to be having no issues coming from the fact that their balls tested underinflated.

    Haters can whine all they want, but only the most brainsick can try and make a feeble case that this somehow had anything to do with anything. It’s jealousy that drives this forum, not reason.

  122. So the “integrity” of the game is so paramount, and the pre-determined decision to make sure the footballs were being scrutinized for the AFCCG so important – that the NFL refs used beat up and bent/broken testing gauges, didn’t log anything pre-game, and lost track of even holding onto the balls before the game.

    This report was engineered to once again cover the NFL’s butt. When the pre- investigation (NFL shaking down the refs for details) learned that the outcome would once again show the league’s incompetence, the league turned it into a fiasco.

    Brady doesn’t need to own up to anything here – the NFL does.

  123. Well thanks for finally getting around to something that should’ve jumped out at everyone day one.

    It’s completely moot at this point. Goodell knows he has a gullible public behind him, hypocrite pundits on every sports show in the country calling for blood, and everything he needs to complete the railroad job his team of unethically cowardly cronies devised.

  124. WideWideWorldOfSports says: May 10, 2015 11:33 AM

    More importantly, the fact that Walt Anderson had the game balls out of his possession “for the 1st time in 19 tears” and did nothing to confirm the balls were still at regulation pressure BEFORE the game started is a much much bigger discrepancy.
    ****
    More important that a pats employee with no business to do so had those balls in a bathroom for 2/12 minutes?

    Are you stating that because of this (Anderson’s actions) The whole thing should be thrown out?

    Maybe you are stating that Anderson was in cahoots with keeping the long run of pats wrong doings to keep on track.

  125. realitycheckbaby says:
    May 10, 2015 11:18 AM

    I love all the fumbling excuses…

    “But Belichick coaches them not to fumble.”

    Like other coaches don’t but even if Cheat had a special method of not fumbling why do players begin fumbling when they leave the Pats and why did their fumbling get cut in half in year 1 of the new rule allowing the Pats to deflate balls?

    “But the Pats are a passing team.”

    Yes, and every pass must end with a knee or a TD because receivers don’t fumble. LOL. Also, see above.

    You’re cheaters. You worship a team, an owner, a coach and a QB who are morally bankrupt and believe in cheating to win.

    There is no argument about that.

    They’ve been caught again and forever, your team is tainted.

    reality: did you ever see the “lawfirm’s” stats from college? zero fumbles first year with Pat’s zero fumbles grow up, man up, your team can’t compete with the Pats #tb12goat

  126. Hey Pats fan, this is not about the AFCCG.

    The reason they tested is because your team was doing it for years.

    It’s why the fumble rate dropped.

    If half as many fumbles isn’t a competitive advantage based on cheating, I don’t know what is.

    Belichick should be banned for a year with Brady.

  127. It’s bad business to have tainted rings and no integrity. If anything Goodell wants to preserve the illusion of integrity while saving the NFL’s Golden Boy.

    The conspiracy theory of the NFL being “out to get” Tom Brady or the Patriots is laughable. If they wanted that they could have done it a long time ago.

  128. Pats fans will come up with any excuse they can, hell they’re still in denial over getting caught red handed filming other teams illegally! No hard evidence needed here just ask the New Orleans Saints. Brady needs to hand over his phone or suffer the consequences. If I’m Brady and not guilty I wouldn’t hesitate to let them look at my text messages. At last he stated he hasn’t digested the report yet. Shouldn’t he be saying “I don’t care what the report says I didn’t do it”!

  129. Sounds like ol Rog is stepping in to save his pals.

    Too bad for him it does not change the text messages that we have seen and Tom Doling out sigs for cheating.

    *Patriots

  130. Obviously biased but I know I may b they most naive person alive. But I really believe TB12 never had anything to do with deflategate. He just looked to comfortable with who he is with No worries Thursday. He gave those guys autographs, tixs, footballs etc. because all he knows is them guys get the footballs done the way he likes them so he’s simply makes sure he’s taken care of them. That’s it! That simple

    Now If he did….Hes still my QB 4ever he’s the GOAT!🏆🏆🏆🏆
    Take in the hate Patriots Nation. We woundnt be so hated if we weren’t as Good as we are.
    (“”THEY HATE US CAUSE THEY AINT US””)
    🏈🏆🏆🏆🏆🏈🙌🙌🙌🙌🙌👏👋👏👋👏👋👏

  131. Why is Moe refusing to turn his cell phone over to his own attorneys? Must be hiding incriminating evidence. Lack of cooperation with your employer’s official investigation is grounds for punishment. Read your contract, Moe.

  132. It 12:05 go take mom out to lunch. Stop crying about Tom Brady on Mother’s Day I bet she would be ashamed at all of you baby’s if she saw your posts. FREE BRADY!

  133. Brady will get suspended,no doubt.For how long,is up to the NFL.More probable than not meets the NFL standards for punishment,like it or not.And,yes Brady does need to own up for his cheating,otherwise it will get a whole lot worse for him.If he appeals then his text messages will be known !!

  134. rob1729 says:
    May 10, 2015 10:59 AM
    I forgot to give complete quotes from page 52 of the Wells report. It’s says in the body of the text on that page:

    “Although Anderson‟s best recollection is that he used the Logo Gauge, he said that it is certainly possible that he used the Non-Logo Gauge”

    That part is footnoted that reads:

    “For the reasons described in Section VII.B, we believe it is more probable that Anderson used the Non-Logo
    Gauge for his pre-game measurements.”

    Here is the reasoning in Section VII.B:

    “In addition, Exponent determined that when the Logo and Non-Logo Gauges measure an identical pressure, different readings are produced. According to Exponent, the Logo Gauge produced readings that were generally in the range of 0.3-0.4 psi higher than the NonLogo
    Gauge. However, for a given set of measurements, the differential between the gauges generally remained consistent when compared to a calibrated gauge. In other words, in the short term, both the Logo Gauge and Non-Logo Gauge read consistently, though differently from each other. Exponent‟s experimental results were aligned with the measurements recorded at halftime, which indicated a consistent gauge-to-gauge differential of 0.3-0.45 psi. Exponent relied upon this information, as well as the fact that during the testing the Non-Logo Gauge never produced a reading higher than the Logo Gauge, to conclude that Walt Anderson most likely used the Non-Logo Gauge to inspect the game balls prior to the game”

    So in other words, even though Anderson recalled that he more probably than not used the loged gauge, Exponent determined he used the non-logoed gauge because it makes the Pats look more guilty.

    ——————————————————-

    This needs to be repeated and emphasized. Exponent could have easily run the stats side by side, treating the possibility that he used the logo and non-logo gauges equally. But, they CHOSE not to do this. Why? Because this would have revealed that if he used the gauge he thought he remembered using, then there was no evidence that any actual deflation occurred. To me, this is the single most blatant evidence that the entire study, if not the entire report, was a hit piece, designed exclusively to confirm what the NFL already believed, rather than get to the bottom of the issue.

  135. and, at the end of the day, will any of this matter?
    no – but it should.

    the fact that the report points to no – nada, zilch, goose egg – protocol, process, and/or personal missteps it a clear indication this was in the bag from day 1. compounded by the fact that the ‘investigator’ is on the league payroll, with the league as judge, jury and executioner. it all smells… very badly.

    if brady does indeed gets suspended, goodell better run and hide; brady is going to come after him with all barrels loaded. and rightly so.

    i’m half hoping he does get suspended – just for the entertainment factor!

  136. Let me preface this comment by saying that I believe the balls were in fact deflated. I am strictly dealing with this from the angle of what would happen if it ever wound up in court.

    #1- all of the evidence regarding the pressure in the balls as measured at halftime would be tossed out immediately. The discrepancies listed in the article would render all of that evidence completely and totally inadmissible.

    #2- That leaves us with the texts. The fact is that for whatever reason, people claim to have done things they didn’t do ALL THE TIME. Whether to gain status amongst the other team employees, or Brady himself. McNally is clearly trying to get paid off- asking for shoes, etc. He would not make a very good witness on the stand. And Brady’s text to Jastremski “You good Jonny boy?” “You doing good?” could easily be interpreted by a lawyer two weeks out of law school as Brady just being concerned about a friend who was facing intense scrutiny.

    The case that any half-decent lawyer would make (and you can bet that Brady’s lawyers would be a lot better than half-decent) is simple: A couple of low level dunces joking around about doing something that there is no credible evidence actually happened. Without any of the actual pressure measurements being admissible, and they wouldn’t be, it would be practically impossible for the league to make its case.

  137. holeinone09 says:
    May 10, 2015 12:08 PM
    Why is Moe refusing to turn his cell phone over to his own attorneys? Must be hiding incriminating evidence. Lack of cooperation with your employer’s official investigation is grounds for punishment. Read your contract, Moe.

    ——————————————–

    Brady would be an absolute idiot to hand over his cell phone to the league. This is his private phone, not the league’s. Have you not followed the steady stream of leaks running out of the commissioner’s office? Some of them practically have bylines at the NY Daily News. If he handed over his phone, he’d have private information in the news within days. Not a chance he should give it up.

  138. This blog post ignores what happens when things get wet. Things like leather expand. Duh. There is no proof of tampering with either set of measurements. Heck, how does the set of measurements account for a running back getting tackled on top of a wet leather ball? Doesn’t take much stretching or expanding to lower the psi. Perfect waste of time for morons, though.

  139. restoreintegritytonfl says:
    May 10, 2015 10:32 AM

    Patriots fumble rate 2000-06: once per 42 touches
    Patriots fumbe rate 2007-14: once per 74 touches

    The data is accurate. Don’t listen to PAtriots lies. They’ve been cheating for years. Research it.

    _______________________________

    Wow, you found a smoking gun alright, except for the part where they won 3 SBs in 4 years when they were fumbling more. Some of you people are so stupid it’s painful to watch.

  140. The fact that the NFL is used such a cheap pressure gauge in this situation invalidated the results. Where are the stats on the acceptable range of error for those .99 cent gauges. They seriously couldn’t spring for a digital air pressure gauge. You have got to be kidding me. The level of incompetence that the league shows in their investigations is horrific, especially when they knew going in to be prepared for this exact situation.

  141. The whole issue is there is no baseline to compare the half time measurements too. No PSI was recorded before the game, all they are relying on is Anderson’s memory. On page 51-52 he can’t even recollect which gauge he used. The report is a joke, who is running this circus?

  142. I think ultimately Goodells gonna try and make a point and go really hard on TB12 (hey well get to see our franchise future with Jimmy G)
    I don’t thinks it’s gonna b a slap on the wrist. And the Kraft and company will fight it and the suspension will b cut n half.

    Patriots should be hiring there own investigation team specifically interviewing wells employees, refs, ravens, colts and any other team that’s hatin on us.

  143. Florio’s report confirms some of the legitimate concerns raised in the aftermath of the Wells report.

    Let us say, for just a second, that this is what happened:

    “Upset by referees erroneously pumping up the footballs to about 16 psi for an earlier game, Tom Brady exhorts the Patriots’ equipment folks to be sure to set the balls at a low pressure within the allowable range (e.g., 12.5 psi), and to be prepared with the NFL rule on this issue should the refs question them. During the course of the first half, the footballs lose some pressure, but uncertainties about which gauge was used to measure the balls at the beginning of the game versus at halftime casts a cloud on the resulting data. (This despite having half the league office suddenly and mysteriously materialize for the halftime measurements.)”

    Is there anything in the Wells report evidence that contradicts this version of events? Are we prepared to suspend one of the leading players in the league for encouraging his staff to make sure the football is properly pressurized for the game? If there is no evidence of Brady saying “Pressurize below 12.5,” why is there an assumption among the media and commenters that he did?

    I know fans of the other 31 teams (97%) are sick and tired of losing to the guy. Even I, as a Patriots fan, would be tired of it were it not for the three decades of mediocrity that preceded the last 14 years. But a witch hunt should not be the basis for addressing this situation.

    Given the facts, the league office very clearly has a mandate to rethink the rule book on this topic. Is the range of allowable pressure adequate for real-life game situations? Should the league take over the admittedly important custody chain of footballs before and during the game? Are the current penalties (a relatively sober $25,000 — and not the suspensions advocated by the 97% here and elsewhere — per occurrence) appropriate? If this kind of conversation took place, then some good will have come out this entire mess.

  144. This entire episode stinks of shadiness. From the patriots opportunity to tamper with the balls, to the Colts and league favoring catching the patriots over ensuring the game is proper, to the botched documentation procedures and inaccurate data leaks culminating in an investigation and report that seems born to prove a theory rather than search for truth. I can take the exact same evidence listed and write a report that concludes the patriots more probably than not had not engaged in any form of cheating concerning the air pressure in the footballs. All the facts are skewed due to poor documentation, bad procedures and a predetermined conclusion.

    There is one conclusion that can be made without question. The officials acted improperly. They allowed the balls to leave their supervision early and when that indiscretion was noticed they did nothing to ensure the balls were proper for the game–even though they had prior knowledge of a suspicion of tampering. That is inexcusable

  145. I’m also curious about this us of a “more likely than not” standard of evidence in this case. I’m not familiar with how the law handles such issues but if this were a scientific experiment and there was a 50.1 percent chance that the balls were actively deflated at all and IF the balls were deflated there was additionally a 50.1 percent chance that TB had some general knowledge of it then a scientist would apply something called an experiment wise error rate which would correct for the fact that there are 2 suppositions here both of which have to be true in order for Brady to be guilty. If there is only a 50.1 percent chance that the balls were actively deflated and If that assertion is true there is additionally only an additional 50 percent probability that Brady knew, then such the probability that both of these statements are simultaneously true is about 25.2 percent. How does the Nfl handle such a shoddy level of certainty?..

  146. Well, this makes me think that it is more probable than not that I don’t know how this all is going to play out. I know that it will continue to be a mess and punishment of Brady will be appealed and may ultimately end up in a court.

  147. People really should stop quoting that idiotic “fumbles per touch” statistic, as the data is “right skewed”. (statistics term for the fact it doesn’t have a ‘normal fit’ … more importantly, the data can not be analysed by traditional formulae because they use the assumption of having a normal fit ie that they fit a normal bell curve.)

    The statistic (which sounds similar) touches per fumble is not right or left skewed, but “normal” and shows the Patriots are consistent the entire time Belichick was a coach and are much more in line with the league averages, within a statistically insignificant margin.

    Furthermore, there is no ‘magical spike’ in 2007 based on this level of (correct) analysis.

    The author of the original report trashing the Patriots refuses to respond to this. Wonder why?

  148. if you throw out the science part of the flawed wells report like every reasonable person should , you’ll have to throw out the rest of the evidence as well , the text are being interpreted based on the (flawed) science telling you there was missing air in the patriots balls . all that is left is the equipement guy going to the bathroom . not enough for a fine let alone a suspension !

  149. It was junk science from the get go. No recollection of what pre game guage was used or recording of initial results. Exponent is a hired gun paid to produce the results sought. They used Colts balls as the control in experiments. Geez Louise. Exponent was paid to find no link between second hand smoke and cancer. They “proved” that none existed.

  150. The integrity of the game is paramount to the NFL, so they use a gauge with a bent needle to assure that integrity. Got it.

  151. Here’s a dumb as Einstein reality check baby —

    Not only has that fumble statistic been thoroughly debunked as faulty analysis, because among other things, they included kickoff and punt returns, which use the K-ball —

    But, anyone who thinks a 0.5 psi difference in football pressure suddenly turns a team into Ball Security Super-Heroes needs to finish all dumb juice they’ve been drinking.

    Last year, the Minnesota Vikings, lead the league in lowest fumble percentage on the ROAD, a percentage that was significantly LOWER than their home fumble percentage.

    Ergo — the Minnesota Vikings cheated on the ROAD GAMES!

    Call the Commissioner!!!

    (Oh wait. My team beat the Vikings, so I don’t care)

  152. Patriots, Bellichek and Brady have no integrity and cheat. They have been caught many, many times. All you sore rear end Patriots fans can pick stuff apart, rip Goodell, rip Wells, try to drag the Jets into it, claim conspiracies and anything else you want. There is an establish pattern of behavior and it is one that shows a clear disregard for the rules, the spirit of competition and even less regard for integrity and honest. You can try to argue the bigger picture away all you want, but you can’t change that. They are no different that Bonds, A-Rod or Lance Armstrong – Cheaters.

  153. One of the story-lines in all of this is how the NFL was tipped off to the issue and might have set a trap for the Patriots.

    Now that we see just how slipshod the NFL was – the fact that the pre-game pressures were not recorded, that they did not know which gauge was used, that they recorded only some of the balls at halftime and more. Then turn your attention to the high-tech measuring devices used – I bet most of us have something similar in our garage.

    Could Roger Goodell and his minions really be this lazy and shoddy?

  154. See pg 228, paragraph 13 of the Wells Report-Here’s what it says: ” In sum, the data did not provide a basis for us to determine with absolute certainty whether there was or was not tampering as the analysis of such data ultimately is dependent upon assumptions and information that is not certain.” And there it is there! END OF STORY!

  155. michaele11111 says:
    May 10, 2015 12:50 PM
    Patriots, Bellichek and Brady have no integrity and cheat. They have been caught many, many times. All you sore rear end Patriots fans can pick stuff apart, rip Goodell, rip Wells, try to drag the Jets into it, claim conspiracies and anything else you want. There is an establish pattern of behavior and it is one that shows a clear disregard for the rules, the spirit of competition and even less regard for integrity and honest. You can try to argue the bigger picture away all you want, but you can’t change that. They are no different that Bonds, A-Rod or Lance Armstrong – Cheaters.

    _______________________________

    I guess “many, many times” means something different to you than anyone else who speaks English.

  156. Actually, Walt Anderson *did* remember which gauge he used–the one that would make it much less likely that anybody tampered. He just wasn’t completely certain after being questioned more (page 52 of the Wells report):
    “Although Anderson‟s best recollection is that he used the Logo Gauge, he said that it is certainly possible that he used the Non-Logo Gauge.”

    I.e. he presumably said he used the Logo gauge, they said “Are you sure?” “Really sure?” “100% certain?”, and he eventually relented and said it was possible that he used the Non-Logo Gauge.

  157. Patriots season ticket holder/homer here.

    Why is this a bigger deal than the current Clinton scandal?

    I will take my locks from other fans on this deflategate stuff, but is society as a whole this messed up that this gets more press(exponentially) than the Clinton scandal!?!?

  158. Let me see if I get this latest pats fan ploy right. The Ref. Anderson set the balls low before the game. Had the pats employee who had no business touching them hide then in a bathroom for 2 1/2 minutes. So they would then get tested at 1/2 time to all fail.

    This Ref. becomes the new Anderson just like the one Barry Bonds had. These fans could write some new 007 Bond novels.

  159. Interesting. Nothing in the report about the fired NFL employee substituting game balls in and out of the game.

    Coverup of something maybe worse.

  160. People keep going on about this “bent needle” non-issue as being an example of how flawed the results are. I’ve used a bent needle to fill up basketballs and football and check their pressure for YEARS. A bent needle doesn’t mean it’s leaking air. Non-issue. Now the texts and Brady being unwilling to let the league see his texts….

  161. dolphinsfreak says:
    May 10, 2015 11:14 AM

    Here comes the excuses…………..

    There must have been defective gauges and that will be the excuse as to why they can’t suspend a high profile quarterback of CHEATING.

    The Patriots cheat, it’s a proven fact. They deflate footballs, they illegally video tape their opponents and that is just what they’ve been caught doing, but the list is much longer then that.
    ===============================

    Do you have any details and proof of the “list is longer than that” stuff?

    Didn’t think so.

  162. NFL doesn’t have to prove beyond a reasonable doubt (such as pressure gauge discrepancies) as this is not a criminal case. NFL just has to prove it is more likely than not the Patriots cheated and in the mind of any reasonable person they have.

    As a Patriots fan I am ready for the punishment and hopefully put this whole thing behind us. Let’s get back to work for another SB ring which hopefully won’t have any taint this time around.

    – Patriots fan

  163. purplefaithful says: May 10, 2015 12:20 PM

    This blog post ignores what happens when things get wet. Things like leather expand. Duh. There is no proof of tampering with either set of measurements. Heck, how does the set of measurements account for a running back getting tackled on top of a wet leather ball? Doesn’t take much stretching or expanding to lower the psi. Perfect waste of time for morons, though.
    ****
    Yet somehow all these things magically have no effect on any of the colts balls measured at half time.

  164. Patriots fumble standings. 2014 2nd, 2013 24th, 2012 5th
    2011 3rd, 2010 first 2009 4th 2008 4th, 2007 1st

    Except for 2 years there were teams that fumbled less then the Patriots. According to your theory they must have cheated and used under inflated balls.

    Patriots rank in the top 5 in every year but 1. Its not because they used under inflated footballs but because they teach fundamentals. Fumble during practice and you run laps. Fumble during the game your liable to be benched, possibly for multiple games.

  165. restoreintegritytonfl says:
    May 10, 2015 10:29 AM
    Check the fumbling data. Pats have been cheating for years.

    —-

    deadspin did. it comes out to about 1-1.5 fumbles less per year than the next best team since 2008. hardly compelling evidence. But hey, keep trying!

  166. adultsportfan says:

    Let us say, for just a second, that this is what happened:

    “Upset by referees erroneously pumping up the footballs to about 16 psi for an earlier game, Tom Brady exhorts the Patriots’ equipment folks to be sure to set the balls at a low pressure within the allowable range (e.g., 12.5 psi), and to be prepared with the NFL rule on this issue should the refs question them.
    ==========================

    If that was ALL Brady did, then why lie about it? Why pretend to not know anything about inflating or deflating the balls? Why act like he doesn’t really know the people who did the deflating for him? Why refuse to let the league see his texts?

    Why not just make a statement that he asked the ball boys to set the pressure to the league minimum. Still tampering, but not as egregious as it’s being perceived.

  167. dedalus3000 says: May 10, 2015 1:05 PM

    See pg 228, paragraph 13 of the Wells Report-Here’s what it says: ” In sum, the data did not provide a basis for us to determine with absolute certainty whether there was or was not tampering as the analysis of such data ultimately is dependent upon assumptions and information that is not certain.” And there it is there! END OF STORY!
    ****
    What that is stating is the chance of natural causes. You left out the part of compared to the colts balls. (as all other pats fans seem to take all this out of context/twist it to there own made up findings)

    This is the same as the finding of 0.4% likelihood -a fraction of one percent -that the difference in
    average pressure drops between the teams occurred by chance.
    Found on bottom of PDF p.118/ report p. 114

  168. McNally has a nickname bud “bird” even Bruschi said he doesnt know him by his real name! Brady said his perfect ball was 12.5 and thats what he expects! The texts by the 2 guys were definitely out of frustration of inept officials filling balls! Why would Brady not have conversation after the accusations? I would?! Look there isnt any concrete proof and ive never heard of Brady doing anything wrong in the past! I dont care what McNally texted many moons ago! How does anyone know the context or if Brady knew even if they did it?

  169. Let me say this up front I’m disappointed that Brady isn’t forthcoming about his cellphone. Though he doesn’t need to, the way texting works is you have both the messages sent and received on those ball handler’s phones. And given that NFL leaks jeez…

    Now, has anyone considered that brady owns stock in few companies and I think is also an independent director in some. Now post 2008 Lehman fiasco & meltdown SEC has been very strict in the role of independent directors and comes down hard on cases of cheating and stuff.

    Also Brady the player can’t do anything but Brady the brand/company can claim in my limted legal assesment up to 150 million $ in damages from NFL and the patriots.

    I think NFL’s legal team is studying this very closely.

    All said and done, I think Goodell’s done. Pats’ haters and fans can agree to that one.

  170. I think Tom’s settlement with the NFL in his winning defamation of character lawsuit will be even more satisfying than his 4 Super Bowl victories combined.

  171. The NFL is a friggin joke. They cannot set rules and have all 32 teams follow them, let alone convince fans that rules are being applied and enforced equally. I’d love to see a nationwide one-year boycott of the NFL and watch how fast those idiots, led by Roger Goodell, got their acts together.

    NO ONE trusts anything that comes out of the League office anymore.

  172. Hmmm… The NFL and Ted Wells hired Exponent. I wonder why? Lets see what other “science projects” Exponent has done…

    Oh, look! They were hired by Big Tobacco to “prove” that second-hand smoke doesn’t actually harm humans! Interesting!

    Oh, hey, over there! They were hired by a company facing a class-action lawsuit to “prove” that asbestos doesn’t actually cause mesothelioma! Wow!

    Because “Science!”

    These guys are obviously at the top of the “science” game and not at all inclined to produce “science” to fit the certain pre-conceived notions of whoever hired them at all!

  173. I think the Pats did cheat during the 2007 & 2008 year when their fumble stats drop. Instead of running the ball, they cheated the Raiders by fleecing Randy Moss for a CHEAP 4th round choice. Now if you throw the ball most of the time, it should be obvious to all that the Running Backs will have fewer chances to touch the ball to fumble it away. With the QB throwing 50 TD passes, and Randy 22 of them, the RB have fewer chances to touch the ball and therefore fewer chances to fumble it away. Then there was Welker, from 2007-2012, the man averages 100+ catches a year. So how can the RB fumble the ball away when NE have been a pass happy team?

  174. fanofpft says:
    May 10, 2015 1:24 PM

    purplefaithful says: May 10, 2015 12:20 PM

    This blog post ignores what happens when things get wet. Things like leather expand. Duh. There is no proof of tampering with either set of measurements. Heck, how does the set of measurements account for a running back getting tackled on top of a wet leather ball? Doesn’t take much stretching or expanding to lower the psi. Perfect waste of time for morons, though.
    ****
    Yet somehow all these things magically have no effect on any of the colts balls measured at half time.
    ————-
    Overlooking the fact that 3 of the 4 Colts balls they tested were below 12.5psi, if the Colts offense had actually been on the field more, so that their footballs had actually been used, it might have.

  175. 3 things about the discrepancies regarding the Colts’ footballs.
    1. They were not tested. Only 4 were. You could cherry pick 4 of the Pats’ balls and get in the same neighborhood.

    2. Information about the conditions under which the Colts’ balls were inflated and stored was not taken into account. If they were sitting in and equipment bin under the bus, say, before being brought into the Refs area for testing, this skews the measurements greatly.

    3. It is more probable than not, given the time of posession stats in the first half that the Colts’ balls were not as exposed to the elements. Speaking of which….exposure to the elements involved being soaked cold rain from higher in the atmosphere and not the few squirts from a bottle and getting dried off every 15 minutes, which was the testing methodology.

    Even if you really want to hold on to using the Colts’ balls as some sort of ill conceived control group, the accusation has gone from letting out 1 or 2 lbs. of PSI, to having some kind of nefarious plot to remove a FRACTION of a pound of PSI. Not buying that.

    Regarding the texts….you can spin them any way you want, but the only reference to specific PSI regards Brady being pissed that the balls were at 16.0 and not 13.0. Yes they had talks about needles and pumps. That is their job!! Nowhere does it say they planned on or actually performed any ball deflation after the tests.

    And even if the HAD…..if there were texts saying they murdered someone but the person was still alive, are they guilty of murder? In this case, as shady as one could make those tests sound, there is no tangible proof that balls were deflated, and in fact, there are scientific reasons to indicate otherwise.

    To be balanced, there is no indisputable proof that they weren’t. If they were, I think we will know for sure, as there is no way the equipment guys are going to keep quiet when the tabloids start offering them money. And if you say Brady could be paying them off…..that would be traceable.

  176. “I’m the deflator”, “Not going to ESPN yet”, “You didn’t do anything wrong”. Who takes balls to the bathroom and does not remember whether he used a a urinal or a Bowl? I’m sure they rationalized the whole thing, they are human. People who bend rules often rationalize it. The attempted cover up is worse than the crime. Maybe.

    Splitting hairs 101.

  177. The one person who might come out worse of this situation than Tom Brady is poor Walt Anderson. Clearly, there has not been any standard operating procedures regarding testing the game balls by referees and Walt was at the wrong game at the wrong time. I’m sure none of the other refs would have done any better job at ball testing.

    I also can see why Brady and Belichick reacted the way they did before SB – just to minimize distraction before the big game even if it may have misrepresented what really happened.

    Where Tom made the mistake is not coming clean after SB with a plausible explanation, i.e. he took things in his own hands after being convinced that the NFL procedures were broken to deliver consistent game balls into the hands of quarterbacks. Even with all the incriminating text messages there isn’t the faintest evidence he wanted balls outside the official pressure range.

    Having said that I believe Tom will be penalized for his lack of cooperation – as a result of miscalculation – rather than for a desire to cheat which I refuse to believe as a Pats fan. And the NFL offices for game operations should apologize to Walt Anderson after they hung him out to hide their own incompetence: not by suggesting in the Wells report how outstanding he was but by admitting their lack of leadership and control of situations they proclaimed was essential to the integrity of the game.

  178. There can be no science since the original conditions were not recorded (air temp in the ball, moisture of the air). There is no scientist that would comment on this investigation unless they were paid to come to the conclusions needed for the Wells report. Also, their are smoothed over in the statistics. Question: what were the statistics for the Colts’ balls.
    Brady, McNally: I’m Bruschi on this one. Did they ask if Brady knew McNally or “Bird”

  179. Nice work Florio. Wells report seems to be built on some shakey assumptions.

    Typical of the NFL – “Assume we are right, then we are right.”

  180. None of this means ANYTHING if the ref who noticed that the balls had left without him would have called the balls back and had them measured to ensure authenticity. That’s the job jack, so suspend Walt for 4 games and move on

  181. This entire thing becomes more of a Keystone Kops routine by the moment. To me, it sounds more and more like a sting between Chuck Pagano, John Harbaugh and Mike Kensell, the Jets fan in the NFL front office. Perhaps they’re the ones that should be suspended.

    If they suspend Brady, then let’s suspend Aaron Rodgers for 8 games as well since he admitted to playing with OVER-INFLATED footballs? This is pathetic. There is no standard the NFL uses for PSI inflation. It’s left to the DISCRETION of each QB how they want the football and how inflated they want it? Aaron Rodgers is just the tip of the iceberg. Do you honestly think that if you checked EVERY OTHER QB and the inflation rates of their footballs that you’d find every one between 12.5 and 13.5? If you do, I have some swamp land in Kansas to sell you. Why doesn’t the NFL interview other QBs and check the inflation rates of footballs from other games not involving the Patriots if they really want to get to the bottom of this. Or do they really not give a damn if it doesn’t involve the Patriots? This entire thing is a disgrace and I hope Brady sues the NFL for defamation of character. And there is no smoking gun that shows he told the ballboys to take a needle to the footballs after they were approved.

  182. To be balanced, there is no indisputable proof that they weren’t. If they were, I think we will know for sure, as there is no way the equipment guys are going to keep quiet when the tabloids start offering them money. And if you say Brady could be paying them off…..that would be traceable.
    ———-
    Yes, BUT there’s that uncomfortable lack of explanation how you remove balls from the Referee’s locker, first time in 19 years that’s ever been done, AND then take them to a urinal for 2 minutes 27 seconds, EXCEPT, there was no urinal in the bathroom.

    An inconvenient truth MUCH NE?

  183. vegasmoose says:
    May 10, 2015 10:17 AM
    Just being a fan of football unbiased to this…
    whatever the penalties the Patriots and Tom Brady receive I would be terrified to face an angry bill belichick and brady after serving his suspension (if given one). like I said I don’t have a horse in this race but after said and done this organization is going to go on a rampage on 31 other teams. History has shown this with an angry, vengeful belichick and brady. I feel sorry for the Colts in games as long as brady is calling the snaps. Bet the over in every pats game when brady comes back! Yikes.
    ——–
    I love these FEAR US comments so much each time they’re repeated like the entire league fears the Pats.

    Reality check….Even in the 4 SB wins for the Pat’s, they’re the ONLY team in the league that has 4 SB’s won by a combined total of 13 points.

    I mean, come on, not one blow out SB win? What’s dynastic about that fact. Nothing. More lucky than good But I get the fear talk, as its like the cowardly bully who thinks all he has to do is puff his chest out to make you fear him. Pat’s are human, and as this situation can only suggest, are prone to wanting to win too badly. Cheating is cheating. Lying is lying. Non cooperation speaks volumes.

    Anyone heard the one where Brady recently signed with a new advertiser…CHEETOS

  184. metlifeteardown says:
    May 10, 2015 3:30 PM
    “I’m the deflator”, “Not going to ESPN yet”, “You didn’t do anything wrong”. Who takes balls to the bathroom and does not remember whether he used a a urinal or a Bowl? I’m sure they rationalized the whole thing, they are human. People who bend rules often rationalize it. The attempted cover up is worse than the crime. Maybe.

    Splitting hairs 101.

    ________________________________________

    Incorrect. Walt Anderson recollects using the logo’d pressure gauge when setting the psi pre-game. When measuring the balls during half time with the SAME GAUGE, there is no suggestion of tampering.

    Wells, in a very convoluted way, somehow tries to logic his way to believing that he used the other gauge and it would suggest tampering. He literally decided to just not believe that Anderson remembered correctly for no real reason at all.

    Ridiculous.

  185. Why would Brady give up his personal cellphone to these clowns after being questioned for an entire day? Why would McNally, a part time employee, come back for a fifth round of questioning? What difference would it have made when the objectivity was so low they assume that there is more conjecture on most pages than facts in the entire report. Having conducted a few investigations the first thing that stood out in the report was the bias, unprofessional and highly speculative nature it screams throughout. I can believe the NFL spent money, let along the vast amount they did, of this. If Brady is punished based on this he should appeal and if he looses in that kangaroo court he has a strong case for defamation of character and restraint of trade which could leave the NFL looking for the new commissioner they have needed since Goodell started. The Vikings and Panthers were on TV tampering with the balls and got a warning?! Since when did people start getting punished on what might almost have probably happened if we twist everything just right?

  186. “I’m the deflator”……..yes, Brady was pissed that the balls from the Jets game came back at 16.0. and should be 13.0 (which if anything indicates they wanted them in range.) It was this guy’s job to deflate the balls down to the bottom of the range. Hence…deflator. In the absence of context this makes more sense than the guy bragging about breaking the rules via text on a company phone.

    But again…..even if there was a text saying “I solemnly swear that Tom Brady paid me a million dollars to take every last drop of air out of every football”, if the balls were not deflated, and it appears more likely than not that they weren’t, there is no infraction. That is ALL that matters.

    I went on my own phone as a goof taking texts out of context, and convicted myself or friends of theft, infidelity and murder, none of which actually happened.

  187. “Quit with the technicalities.”

    Right, you mean the tiny technicality, not relevant to this case, of whether or not the balls were actually deflated. But even if they haven’t,suspend them, because if the big bad Pats had a camera 15 ft. away from designated area almost ten years ago, then Brady must be guilty just because we say so, even if the balls were not delfated.

  188. I dont know how anyone cares about any of this. Even if brady, the patriots, belichik are all guilty…this form of cheating is full blown de minimus and literally had zero impact on the outcome of the essentially 100-0 score. Just fine them all and be done with it. Is everyone really so purposeless that have to propogate anything that has the potential to amount to a controversy

  189. People still cite they Larry and Curley phone texts as their primary source of belief that TB was somehow involved in this mess. READ those texts. The most interesting one is where McNally says that in an earlier game this season…The refs totally f….ed us. I measured the balls the next morning and they were at 16 psi …….(note this is a full two and a half psi over the league limit) All the subsequent jokes about Tom being pissed about the inflation levels of footballs are about THAT incident where the refs inserted wildly overinflated balls into a game and TB was correctly angry about it. There is indeed a Moe. Howard involved in this fiasco but his name is not TB, it’s Roger Goodell

  190. “kbookert says:
    May 10, 2015 10:34 AM

    Let the excuses begin. After all it’s Brady. Maybe it was aliens? Did anyone look into that? If this was any other team in the NFL, this would have been swift and to the point. And whatever the punishment
    would not be good enough.”

    =======

    You mean like the Panthers and Vikings last year? Didn’t even read or hear about it. Just a wrist slap.

  191. First let me just say that a lot of the nfl teams and league officials in Goodells office were officials from teams the patriots have been beating for a long time. Teams like the colts, Jets, Ravens etc are just sour grapes. They can’t beat the Patriots so they must be cheating. Well they did not cheat in the Super Bowl 49 and had one of the greatest comebacks and greatest interceptions in Super Bowl history.

    This article makes a great point, that uncalibrated guages were used and the wells report did not scrutinize the guages used by Anderson and whether he did his job. How can the wells report use a guages when Anderson said he thought he used the other guage?

    Also when getting a speeding ticket, radar has to be regularly calintated. It not a ticket cN be thrown out because it might not be calibrated.

    So if I were Goodell, I would acknowledge the guage issue as written here.

    I also hope, mr Kraft, Brady and his lawyers read this article carefully.

    I hope they read this

    Lastly, I don’t care what the rest of the league believes. Brady, BB, mr Kraft and Patriots Nation will get the last laugh when they win. 5th Super Bowl……..!!!!!

  192. To have this evolve the way it has is indicative of the times we live in media-wise. Goodell should be replaced, the media should be distanced, and the game rules standardized further. Those who believe that Goodell gives favor to Kraft should think otherwise.

  193. It is about tolerance and you need to know what it is for those gauges. Those gauges are not precision anything and I bet they are + or – .25 lbs which is good enough for a football but not good enough to judge if cheating occurred. I am a not a Patriots fan but fair is fair. Unless the NFL uses a NASCAR type system that is incredibly accurate because it needs to be this is total B/S. The NFL would also need to keep control of games balls with refs measuring pressure

  194. I am a Patriots fan and a Statistician. I have read the full report. Every page. I had hoped to find the inconsistencies detailed in the above article, sadly I did not find these. Rather, I am sad to report that, as a statistician and scientist, I am convinced that these balls were intentionally deflated. Not 50.1% sure, not 95% sure (which is the scientific standard) but over 99% sure.

    The reasoning for which gauge was used pre-game is absolutely well-reasoned and sound. It is not stated clearly in the report, but it is clear that the Ideal Gas Law, which has been mentioned often, has been used in conjunction with the Colts balls tested to determine which needle was used in pre-game testing. There is no reasonable (or unreasonable) sequence of events that could lead to the readings obtained.

    The wording chosen by the scientists in the report about not being fully able to draw conclusions due to assumptions is standard science-speak. In simple terms, it is simply a way to cover their asses from being sued. In reality, they know the truth.

    No right-thinking person can question this. Anyone who does is blinded from the truth by their passion for the Patriots. I do not blame you, however, I beg you to open your eyes and read the whole report with an open mind and unbiased view. It is difficult and heart-wrenching, but It must be done.

    I am truly saddened and horrified by this. I do not know how to feel about the team I love.

    McNally and Jastrewski were clearly complicit. No doubt. There is also a large amount of mostly circumstantial evidence that Brady at least knew about it, if not engineered the whole thing. Sadly, there is too much logic begind the argument that he knew.

    No-one on Brady’s side would alter his balls after he had approved them without knowing beyond a shadow of a doubt he wanted them softer. Brady also handles a football thousands of times a month. I handle one about once a month and even I can tell when one is slightly under inflated. I’m sorry, but he knew. There is no doubt in my mind of that.

    I do not know, need to know, or care if he orchestrated the deflation of balls. Him knowing about it is enough. Tom Brady is not the man I thought he was. The upstanding citizen. The high moral fibre man I believed in and aspired to be more like. I am truly heartbroken. I ask all Pats fans to open their eyes and judge the evidence with an open mind. Do not discard it because it is hard to hear, read the whole report and judge it on facts and evidence, not what you want to hear.

    Thank you.

  195. Gages have to be calibrated by a certified ISO 17025 cal lab ! TWO different gages WILL give different readings.

    TOM BRaDY, u reading this ?

  196. Of course this exonerates Brady and the Patriots. If there is no actual evidence of the team manipulating the footballs during the game or even evidence that shows the Patriots are “more likely than not” then there is no case.

    Two guys texting about deflating footballs (which by the way never referred to deflating footballs below the league limits and does not even state that it should be done after inspection) is not evidence of wrongdoing.

  197. pebbles28blog says:
    May 10, 2015 8:52 PM

    I am a Patriots fan and a Statistician. I have read the full report. Every page. I had hoped to find the inconsistencies detailed in the above article, sadly I did not find these. Rather, I am sad to report that, as a statistician and scientist, I am convinced that these balls were intentionally deflated. Not 50.1% sure, not 95% sure (which is the scientific standard) but over 99% sure.

    No-one on Brady’s side would alter his balls after he had approved them without knowing beyond a shadow of a doubt he wanted them softer. Brady also handles a football thousands of times a month. I handle one about once a month and even I can tell when one is slightly under inflated. I’m sorry, but he knew. There is no doubt in my mind of that.

    *************************

    #1. Since you are a statistician, please convince other patriot fans like me that during pregame testing they used the needle which showed low values. Please provide evidence from the report, not just random words.

    #2. Brady may know that balls are little softer. If there is no wrong doing on part of Brady and Patriots, what’s wrong even if he realized that balls are softer? Do you think he should go and complain to the referees?

    The head referee handles the ball each and every play, if the ball is slightly softer why don’t they stop the play and check the air pressure. The reason is NFL doesn’t really care about PSI until now.

  198. What it tells me is that while the League says/infers that Anderson is their most upstanding and conscientious referee, that doesn’t extend to ‘his best recollection’. Which is like saying I trust somebody with my life, but not when it comes to owing me money.

  199. No one would accept allegations, arrests, and punishments based on uncalibrated and uncertified DUI Bood Alcohol.analyzers.

    Nor would you build your cases on uncertified and uncallibrsted radar guns and speed cameras.

    So why would the NFL try to punish Brady on the strenght of Eells’ guesses, Wells manipulations of the refs’ recollections, and uncalibratef ball pressure readers?

    It almost sounds as if the NFL dileberstely sabotaged itself and made it sure to lose in any court of law.

  200. They care all of the sudden because hating on the Patriots is the thing to do. In a league built on parity, they have been to a ridiculous 6 Super Bowls and 9 AFC title games in 14 years. In the 6 years they didn’t reach that level they missed the playoffs twice (one year Brady was on IR).

    It’s like making the penalty for jaywalking a felony after the fact while only imposing the law on the most successful individual who happened to cross the street that year. The protocol and enforcement has been wildly inconsistent. Anything beyond a team fine would indicate a personal vendetta and a sad attempt to save face after what has been a humiliating attempt at truth seeking. #framegate

  201. Gotta love all the finger pointing and declarations of guilt. All just fans that apparently were there when this supposedly happened. Let this topic go, regardless of what happens well all be watching our teams come kickoff week one!

  202. So we are supposed to believe the gauge giving the lower reading is correct. Then look at the readings in the table on Page 69 of the report. It shows the COLTS WERE USING UNDER INFLATED FOOTBALLS TOO!

    What happened when the officials made this unhappy discovery? They stopped measuring the Colt’s footballs! They measured 11 Patriots balls, but only 4 Colts balls.

    Then (just so you can understand what this report is really all about) on the very first page, the very first paragraph of the report they make the statement that “The four Colts balls tested each measured within the 12.5 to 13.5 psi range permitted under the Playing Rules on at least one of the gauges” Why didn’t they say that on one of the gauges three of the four Colts balls were UNDER inflated? Especially when in the report they claim the lower readings were the accurate ones?

    That certainly would have screwed up their agenda.

  203. Assuming the Pats’ footballs were at 12.5 PSI (Brady’s stated preference) pre-game, by halftime, as measured by Prioleau, they lost 8% of their air. If you assume the Colts’ footballs were at 13.5 PSI (the maximum allowed), the four mentioned in the report lost… 8% of their air.

    There is no concrete proof that anyone associated with the Pats manually deflated any of the balls between the time of the pre-game measurement and the halftime measurement.

  204. Does the PSI really matter anymore? This is just a red herring to distract from the fact that Brady showed clear intent to circumvent the rules. That’s all that matters now. That and the fact that this franchise has shown, multiple times, that they have no respect for the rules of the game. Throw the book at them.

  205. Does the PSI really matter anymore? This is just a red herring to distract from the fact that Brady showed clear intent to circumvent the rules. That’s all that matters now. That and the fact that this franchise has shown, multiple times, that they have no respect for the rules of the game. Throw the book at them.
    ————————————

    The PSI is the ONLY thing that matters. That’s what this story is about.
    And exactly where did Brady show clear intent to circumvent the rules? When he was pissed off about the balls being OVERINFLATED? Or when he told the equipment guy not to worry because he had done nothing wrong?

  206. The basis for determining that the non-logo gauge was used pre-game is explained and supported very clearly in the Exponent report that was appended to the Wells report, starting with a high level explanation at page 44 of the Exponent report with a subsequent 15 pages of data which strongly support the determination.

    Based on the comments here and in the media, it seems that almost nobody has bothered to read and understand the entire report before forming opinions. Florio owes it to his readers to clarify that there was far more science and far less uncertainty to this determination than they’ve been led to believe.

  207. All of this simply points to the fact that air pressure has not been that big of a deal (as long as it is close to the 12.5-13.5 range to start the game). EVER.

    Having said that, why is there no talk about the refs inflating balls to 16-17 PSI?

  208. Finally someone actually did some homework. From what I gathered, using the .4 difference or so in the gauges is that the Colts balls deflated by .7 to .9. (Obtaining the .9 by adding .4 to 13.0 and subtracting the reported reading of 12.5 at the half) Wells threw out the reading that was .9 off by saying it was a typo but there is no evidence that suggests it was a typo. I didn’t get that either.

  209. It seems that everyone is so caught up in the issues regarding the pressure gauges and the scientific conclusions in the report that an even larger issue is being ignored. The Colts knew the Patriots were being investigated and that the NFL would be looking for any signs of cheating, while the Patriots did not. Therefore, the NFL intentionally favored one team over another and, assuming the Patriots did cheat, also allowed an entire half of an AFC Championship Game to be compromised by it. They could have rechecked the Patriot’s balls before the game started, especially after they were out of the Referee’s possession, if they were so concerned by this issue.

    But as bad as not using a calibrated gauge might be, or how idiotic it was to not record each ball and the pressure thereof for later comparison, by their own admission, the NFL knowingly allowed the Patriots to possibly cheat just to “catch” them. How can the fans of any team not look at this and be disgusted? I am a Steeler’s fan and I am upset; if I was a Colt’s fan I would be livid. On the other side, I am sure Patriots fans will never trust the NFL again, as it seems they basically conspired with other teams to “get” them. Roger Goodell just allowed the integrity of the game to be ruined for no reason at all. And all over a rule that the NFL barely seemed to enforce or care about before this.

  210. In another demonstration of the NFL’s lack of thinking through this ‘punishment’ , the NFL has just handicapped the Ravens and the Jets next season by giving their rivals, the Steelers and Bills, each a game against New England without Brady at QB. How’s that for irony.

    The NFL has just inadvertently manipulated the outcome of the 2015 AFC race before the season even begins.

    In the end, it’s impossible to understand why the NFL didn’t quietly fix this situation by simply taking control of the air pressure of game day footballs, which obviously they have never been in control of, and after all of this fiasco they still are no closer to getting control.

  211. floria argument holds no water. all of colts balls were 1.0 – 1.5 PSI higher than the pats balls. if balls were losing pressure as part of the “ideal gas law”, why didn’t the colts balls lose pressure?

  212. Forget the logos.How can anybody forget whether the needle was crooked or not. Best guess is he tested with the low reading gauge meaning that the balls were higher than tested for. All McNally did was correct the error. That is they were all set to 12.5 by Tom’s gauge.This would also bring the Colt’s balls closer to the ideal gas law predictions. My guess is Walt knew and and Mr. Wells is lying. Please release Harrison’s transcript.

  213. McNally is going to be Brady’s best witness:
    The smoking gauge:
    Forget the logos.How can anybody forget whether the needle was bent or not? Best guess is he tested with the low reading gauge meaning that the balls were possibly higher than tested for. All McNally did was correct the error. That is they were all set to 12.5 by Tom’s gauge.This would also bring the Colt’s balls closer to the ideal gas law predictions. My guess is Walt knew and Mr. Wells is lying. Please release Anderson’s transcript. If Anderson tested with the higher measuring gauge they were all possibly lower than tested (Pat’s balls underinflated from the getgo).
    Why didn’t Wells rig a manometer and test each gauge to verify the deviation of each from the true pressure when the manometer was set at 13.00 psi? Did he really need exponent or did he need a smokescreen? Kraft’s professor should turn in his Nobel since he ignored the “damning” conclusion that the differential pressure drop of the Colts’ balls was about half that of the Pats’ balls.
    The smoking gauge in this mess is Brady’s (McNally’s gauge). They are still out there and simple manometer test will show the deviation of all three gauges from the true pressure provided by the manometer set at 13.00 psi.
    Please note, Brady did nothing but demand balls inflated at 12.5 psi (not underinflated). It was McNally’s job to do so. At no time were the balls underinflated except if Anderson messed up (using a gauge that read higher then the true pressure).

  214. three gauges:
    What we have here is a tale of THREE gauges:
    The Jatremski MacNally gauge was used to prepare the Pat’s balls. Since only two balls were questioned by Anderson it is entirely possible that these two gauges were comparable. The third gauge is an outlier and all data taken with it should be discarded.

  215. The important facts may show Tom Brady is innocent (unless one is already poisoned against him and science):
    1. If the Patriots and Colts’ footballs were measured on the field just before the end of the first half, then ALL the psi readings for ALL the balls would be lower than 12.50.
    2. Results depend on when the footballs were tested in the 13.5 minute window in the locker room.
    3. The issue of the two gauges is very important.
    4. Rule 2 – Initial readings in the 12.5 to 13.5 psi always go down, often out of the legal zone.

    1. explained: We do realize that if the Patriots and Colts’ footballs were measured on the field just before the end of the first half, that ALL the psi readings for ALL the balls would be lower than 12.50. Wells said if the Patriots footballs were filled inside at 71 degrees F, then they would be at 11:32 psi at 48 degrees F, and the Colts balls would go from 13.1 psi inside to 11.89 psi at 48 degrees F (the temperature on the field at halftime). Actually, moisture on the footballs could lower the reading another .02 psi.
    2. explained: However, the officials took them back to the “locker room” where Wells said it took 2 to 4 minutes to do setup for taking the measurements at 71 degrees F to 74 degrees F. This means the psi measurements are going up in the heated room. In Wells Figure 22 on p. 204, the graph shows that all the psi readings would rise by the end of the 13.5 minute time in the locker room (Colts dry 13.0 Colts wet 12.7, Patriots dry 12.5 and Patriots wet 12.2 psi). Note that more of the Patriots footballs were wet, because they scored at the end of a long drive just before halftime, and more Patriots’ footballs would have been in the rain. They did twenty-two measurements on the Patriots’ footballs first using two gauges which took about five minutes. Then they did the eight Colts’ footballs (that could have begun at the 9 minute mark out of the 13.5 minute window). Since the Colts’ footballs were measured last, that alone would make them be higher.
    3. explained: The issue of the two gauges is very important. We believe that Anderson used the Logo gauge (which registers 0.30 to .45 higher) as he reported for the initial measurements. He registered all the Patriots’ footballs at about 12.50 psi, the lower value of the acceptable range according to Rule 2 (12.5 psi to 13.5 psi). If he had then inserted the Non-Logo gauge at that point, all the readings would have been about 12.15 psi, approximately 0.35 lower than the Logo gauge. When the footballs were brought in at halftime, each was tested by Blakeman (using the Non-Logo gauge) and Prioleau (using the higher Logo Gauge). We contend that the initial readings before the game for the Blakeman measurements should have been 12.15 psi, since that would have been the reading had the Non-Logo gauge been inserted at that point. Wells and Exponent used 12.50 psi, and this accounts for much of the wider variation and Wells’ conclusion that “more likely than not” this variation was caused by deflating the footballs by McNally in the bathroom after Anderson’s initial readings. When 12.15 psi is used (correctly), most of the variation disappears and the Blakeman values fall within and close to the acceptable range explainable by natural phenomena. This means that the Blakeman readings for the Patriots would only go to 12.15 dry and 11.85 wet by the end of the locker room period.
    4. explained: Note, using the calculations for the Ideal Gas Law of Wells, the Colts footballs filled at 13.1 psi could drop to 11.89 psi (or 1.21 psi lower), and the Patriots footballs could go from 12.5 psi to 11.32 psi (or 1.18 psi lower). This is true when the temperature drops from 71 degrees F(inside initial measurement) to 48 degrees F(outside at halftime). This means that any team who played in the conditions of that day with an initial measurement in the legal range (12.5 psi to 13.5 psi) would find that their psi readings would drop out of the legal range (below 12.5 psi) in 48 degrees F(outside at halftime). Mother Nature decrees this absolute thermodynamic scientific fact as certain as an apple falls down from the tree, not up. Clearly, many, many games in the north from December to February are much colder than 48 degrees F, and this would mean they face an even bigger drop in psi. Evidently, those in the NFL head office that came up with Rule 2 and the legal range of 12.5 to 13.5 psi were not so good at these Mother Nature facts.

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