Nobel Prize winner disagrees with science in Wells Report

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The Ted Wells Report, which the NFL relied on in suspending Tom Brady and stripping draft picks from the Patriots for Deflategate, came to a scientific conclusion that “no set of credible environmental or physical factors” could have resulted in the Patriots’ footballs becoming underinflated. Now the Patriots have found a Nobel Prize-winning scientist to take issue with that.

On WellsReportContext.com, the Patriots have published a rebuttal from Roderick MacKinnon, who won the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 2003. MacKinnon writes that he disagrees with the Wells Report’s conclusion. In particular, MacKinnon criticizes the Wells Report for its failure to determine which of two gauges were used to measure the PSI levels of the Patriots’ footballs, which in MacKinnon’s view is a fatal flaw.

“I believe the data available on ball pressures can be explained on the basis of physical law, without manipulation,” MacKinnon writes. “The scientific analysis in the Wells Report was a good attempt to seek the truth, however, it was based on data that are simply insufficient. In experimental science to reach a meaningful conclusion we make measurements multiple times under well-defined physical conditions. This is how we deal with the error or ‘spread’ of measured values. In the pressure measurements physical conditions were not very well-defined and major uncertainties, such as which gauge was used in pre-game measurements, affect conclusions. Finally, the claim of a statistically significant difference in pressure drop between the two team balls regardless of which gauge was used did not account for the fact that the Colts balls were apparently measured at the end of halftime since the officials ran out of time and made only four measurements – in other words, the Colts balls were measured after the Patriots balls and had warmed up more. For the above reasons, the Wells Report conclusion that physical law cannot explain the pressures is incorrect.”

The Patriots say MacKinnon has “no business or personal relationship” with the team and merely offered his own analysis as an interested party who’s knowledgeable about the topic.

The reality is that virtually no one in the NFL (or for that matter the general public) is qualified to assess the scientific validity of the Wells Report’s findings. But it looks bad for the league that the Patriots have been able to find a Nobel Prize winner who says the Wells Report’s science is wrong.

92 responses to “Nobel Prize winner disagrees with science in Wells Report

  1. Okay, so the NFL did not measure the pressure of the footballs under controlled, laboratory conditions using highly precise instruments.

    What were you expecting buddy?

    The communications between Brady and McNally, all the lies and lack of cooperation from Brady and the Patriots are a lot more convincing than this argument.

  2. Let’s set up a “white glove” laboratory in each stadium with a vacuum chamber to test the air pressure of all of these balls for every game and test them all multiple times because one gauge might be off. Personally, I think the rule is ignorant. Let the teams put however much air in the footballs as they want. That being said, it is a rule, and the Patriots broke it, scientifically or not.

  3. Yet when there were equally reputable scientists declaring the bull the Patriots were trying to feed us about the balls magically deflating from the weather, the organization declared their analysis invalid.

  4. Wells is going down fast and hard. And so ends the gravy train for his firm and for goodell

  5. Lol. Brady cheated. Gauge or no gauge. Colts game or no colts game. We know he cheated. Everyone w an unbiased perspective of the matter knows he cheated. Sure conditions were not the same, throw away the test, doesn’t change the fact that we all know in our hearts or hearts he cheated. Sad thing is Brady is reaching lance Armstrong levels of ruining peoples lives to keep his secret. How does one sleep at night knowing 2 staff members lost their jobs because of you and wells reputation is being run through the mud by the cry baby patriot organization.

  6. He may be knowledgable in physics but his Nobel prize is in chemistry. That’s like asking an award winning airplane mechanic to fix your boat. He may be an award winning mechanic but that doesn’t necessarily qualify him to work on anything mechanical.

  7. Number of Nobel Laureates supporting the Patriots: 1
    Number of Nobel Laureates supporting Wells: 0

    Advantage: Patriots

  8. There are “professional witnesses” standing at every court room and will say anything to get a paid client off. My guess is this guy must be a close friend of President Obama’s Nobel giver and his Nobel needs to be looked at more closely.

  9. Ok if I check my tire pressure and they register 2psi lower than they should but it’s not in controlled, laboratory conditions using highly precise instruments they really aren’t low. Got it.

  10. So people will question on Nobel Prize winning Scientist that has Boston area ties but not Exponent which found that second hand smoke doesn’t cause cancer?

    #FreeBrady #FireGoodell

  11. Sorry but when obama got a nobel, for i guess breathing? its a award that means nothing now.

  12. Wells is an idiot and his report is ridiculous. They dont have facts on anything.

    He doesnt know which gauge was used, you know specifics.

    How convenient only 4 Colts balls were measured “because they ran out of time” i know refs are so busy during halftime.

    Flaws all over the place in this report.

    And this genius says a text where one guy called himself the Deflator is his hard evidence. Lmao

    Hard evidence of what? That he calls himself the Deflator.

  13. There is a difference between a scientific certainty and a preponderance (more likely than not). The NFL and well the legal community in most civil matter works off of the latter. While I’ve read neither the Wells Report nor the Patriot’s rebuttal it’s telling that (it has not been reported that) MacKinnon does not say he disagrees with the report’s conclusion, rather just that it is possible the psi readings may have been different for reasons other than intentional deflation.

  14. I too questioned the two gauges but now realize one simple detail and caused them to just toss out the science and the gauge issue: The colt balls were not deflated and the Pats were. Doesn’t matter what gauge or the temp. None of that matters since the gauges and temps would have effected all the balls so why the difference in the two. Someone did something to the Pats balls to make them different.

    I’m with the public now, they cheated got caught and are not men enough to own up to it. Off with their heads

  15. He’s knowledgeable in biophysics. There’s a difference. If the balls had been filled with potassium, his opinion would hold some weight. As it is, he’s not much more than a Pats-homer with a title.

  16. It is ironic that this acclaimed scientist is criticizing the lack of data and assumptions in the Exponent report while he himself is basing his argument on his lack of data and assumption (“the Colts balls were _apparently_ measured at the end of halftime”).

    How does he know that the Colts’ balls were tested at the end of halftime? Where has it been published that the refs spent their entire halftime testing balls rather than say just 5 minutes for the entire measurement session so that they could use the remainder on other duties they had?

  17. steveny5 says:
    May 14, 2015 12:17 PM

    He attended the University of Massachusetts in Boston, just sayin’.
    ==================
    Wells (DC born) was educated in MA too. What’s your point?

  18. Brady WAS CAUGHT CHEATING ON HIS FINALS AT MICHIGAN

    Brady left his very pregnant girlfriend for his current wife

    …yea Brady is a saint who would never skirt the rules.

    HE IS GUILTY…get over it. This is absurd…take your punishment like a man. I lose more and more respect for the Pats and Brady with every move they are doing. TAKE YOUR PUNISHMENT and move on.

  19. somethingcool82 says:
    May 14, 2015 12:14 PM

    Lol. Brady cheated. Gauge or no gauge. Colts game or no colts game. We know he cheated. Everyone w an unbiased perspective of the matter knows he cheated

    ==================

    This is a perfect summation of the anti-Patriot outlook. “Evidence or no evidence, I just know what I know, and I magically know they did it, and they’ve always done it, and everything they’ve ever achieved is completely dependent on it!”

    It’s screamingly naive, and yet we see hundreds, thousands of people espousing it, when of course they know nothing of the sort.

    As a Cowboys fan, I’ve seen a lot of irrational hatred and illusions directed at a team, but never like what the Pats and their fans have been seeing.

  20. idioticidiom says:
    May 14, 2015 12:26 PM

    Perhaps, we should disclose how much this “expert witness” is being paid to form his opinion. Just a thought.
    =================
    Well we know that the NFL paid Wells in the millions (his words). What’s your point?

  21. iamtheoven says:
    May 14, 2015 11:48 AM

    Our President won a Nobel Prize after being in office for only a week. #themoreyouknow

    He received a Nobel PEACE Prize. You are comparing apples and oranges.

  22. I too questioned the two gauges but now realize one simple detail and caused them to just toss out the science and the gauge issue: The colt balls were not deflated and the Pats were.
    ===
    Yes. They. Were.

    Remember: The Colts’ balls started (by WA’s best recollection) at 13.0 PSI. None of the Colts balls at half time were at 13.0 PSI. All had lost pressure. On the accurate gauge, 3/4 were below spec.

  23. steveny5 says:
    May 14, 2015 12:17 PM

    He attended the University of Massachusetts in Boston, just sayin’.

    ——————————————————–

    Go Beacons!

  24. Dr Roderick MacKinnon was born in Burlington, MA and received his degrees in the state. I cry foul!!!! 😉 (how is this absurdity happening in the nfl? #firegoddell)

  25. He didn’t say the report’s science was wrong. His claim is that the investigation is inconclusive and that given the available data, there is no way to make a determination of probably.

  26. Anderson told Wells which gauge he used. And using the measurements off that gauge, 8 of the Pats’ balls were within the limit, with 3 slightly under.
    Yet, Wells dismisses Anderson’s recollection. With no explanation.
    But, he relies on Anderson’s testimony as gospel when it is less favorable to the Pats.
    He takes the favorable measurements for the Colts’ balls and the least favorable ones for the Pats. Again, with no explanation.

  27. The Patriots say MacKinnon has “no business or personal relationship” with the team ..

    but has a financial one about 12 seconds after he said this and cashed his check signed by Kraft.

  28. So now you pats haters think a Nobel winning scientist is going to put his reputation on the line in order to protect an NFL team from a suspension?

    In any case, he’s just confirming what many people have already noticed about the report’s many flaws. Does anyone have any substantive rebuttal to this guy?

  29. Whether or not the Pats cheated is immaterial within the context of this discussion. Anyone who has taken freshman level chem could dispute the science in this report. It was a mistake for Wells to even attempt to use science to prove his theory, since the testing protocols used by the NFL are sloppy at best. Frankly, the data collected is garbage because no one knows the conditions under which it was measured, or which instrumentation used in collecting the data. If I had ever turned a lab report like this one in to one of my professors, I guarantee it would have received a failing grade.

  30. For crying out loud, the Pats equipment guy is nicknamed “The deflator”… bring out all the Nobel Prize winners you want, they tampered with the footballs and thought they got away with it but were busted! Accept the punishment and move on!

  31. I’ll take the Doctor with the Nobel prize over Goodell and the keystone cops all day, every day

  32. So question….why were only the patriots balls deflated? Why? I guess they were on the colder side of the field right? This is crap!

  33. Please stop with all the idiotic comments. Scienctific theory is the same in all phases of science — in summary proving a theory by repeating the experiment in exact conditions and obtaining the same result — in all science both physics and chemistry and all other disiplines. The issue at hand people is that the environment will produce the loss of air pressure that is afact of physics proveable by the scientific theory of repeating the result. The Wells report ignores this science and DOES lead to a faulty conclusion.

  34. muslimponder says:
    May 14, 2015 12:11 PM

    Yet when there were equally reputable scientists declaring the bull the Patriots were trying to feed us about the balls magically deflating from the weather, the organization declared their analysis invalid.
    __________________________________

    You mean like the scientist who agreed his own math had an error and he failed to factor in the wet the wet conditions and as a result his findings were wrong when asked to vet a study by a CMU grad student showing that the deflation was within the expectations of the ideal gas law?

    Or do you mean the scientists that made their statements based on the assumption that every football was at least 2 psi below threshold (which we now know was untrue)?

  35. etjla says:
    May 14, 2015 12:22 PM
    McKinnon is also from the Boston area. Find someone impartial to the study next time.
    ________________________________

    Like a CMU grad student that proved the deflation was within the realm of the Ideal Gas Law months ago and had his study published in the NY Times?

  36. This isn’t hard to do. Get 40 balls. Inflate to 13 psi. Leave 10 (control group). Put 10 in a fridge at 40 degrees (to simulate weather). Toss around 10 (to simulate play). Alternate between tossing and cooling the last 10 (to simulate play in weather). Record the data.

    Then repeat at 12.5 psi, then 12.

    Would be an easy project for a university science department and they’d get a ton of press.

    I’d love to see the results.

  37. Dr. McKinnon’s field is molecular biochemistry. This does not qualify him to be an expert in this field.

    This is not a job for a scientist, this is a job for an engineer. Exponent Inc that did the analysis is very very good and this is what they do for a living. These are the guys who figure out why your chip failed, planes go down, or bridges collapse. They work without bias.

    They did say that a statistically significant difference between the pressure in the Colts balls and Patriots. These statistical differences also take into account the number of data points. As far as a potential temperature difference, this is unknown since Dr. McKinnon does not know the heat transfer coefficient of the balls.

    The issue is this becomes war of the experts, which typically turns into a draw. One issue is that everyone wants to treat this as being a criminal standard case when it is an issue of rules within a private enterprise.

  38. muslimponder says:
    May 14, 2015 12:11 PM

    Yet when there were equally reputable scientists declaring the bull the Patriots were trying to feed us about the balls magically deflating from the weather, the organization declared their analysis invalid.

    ————————

    I wonder – who are these “equally reputable scientists” you refer to and would they revise their knee-jerk theories now that they know two different gauges were used with a .35 psi offset and (here’s the best part) nobody knows which gauge was used in taking the initial measurements!

  39. You don’t need to be a Nobel Prize winner to see the issues in how scientific practice is used here.

  40. fourdegrees says:
    May 14, 2015 1:46 PM
    Dr. McKinnon’s field is molecular biochemistry. This does not qualify him to be an expert in this field.

    ———–

    He is a Professor and a Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. But yeah, you probably know better… No.

  41. I might be the odd one out here, but I’d trust what a Nobel Peace Prize winner has to say over the guy Wells hired, who published an article claiming cigarette smoking does not cause cancer (yes, they actually made that claim)

  42. Measure balls twice and account for environmentals. Simple process really. All balls are within limits at first measurement evidenced by a “dead on balls accurate” reading from an approved gauge handled by league officials. Do it again at halftime, enter all data in an app and play the second half.

    The NFL created the conditions for deflategate based on poor procedure. Players of all games bend the rules if there is a seam to operate in. The blame should be shared on this one. Cut the fines in half and require the NFL to donate 10k balls to HS teams. And put a simpler process in place please….

    Having a laureate explain the obvious only confuses things.

  43. baddegg says:
    May 14, 2015 12:16 PM
    That Nobel Prize winner just won himself a lifetime supply of Mac and Cheese!

    All kidding aside, I think he’s right.

    ——

    Textile titan actually. Boxes and such. Not the Mac N’ Cheese Kraft.

  44. Yassar Arafat won the Nobel Peace Prize. If they can deflate naturally why didn’t the Colts footballs? I am with Bill Nye this is bs.

  45. And we take the word of Exponet a scientific corp. who concluded that second hand smoke don’t cause cancer and can’t even conclude after 240+ pages , 100 + days and millions of dollars the simple question if the Pats deflated the footballs and just hide behind the 100 pages of footnotes. I take this lowly, unpaid guy opinion a second or third look. Thank you very much.

  46. Norseman says:
    May 14, 2015 11:56 AM
    Okay, so the NFL did not measure the pressure of the footballs under controlled, laboratory conditions using highly precise instruments.

    What were you expecting buddy?

    The communications between Brady and McNally, all the lies and lack of cooperation from Brady and the Patriots are a lot more convincing than this argument.

    ================================
    The NFL had plenty of time to prepare for the testing of the balls at half time.

    They knew all week what they were going to do.

    Forget about a laboratory. How about a GD video camera?

    How about filming the process so that there could be no concerns about 1) which gauge was used or, 2) how long the Colts’ balls were sitting in a warm room or 3) whether or not the guage were read fairly or with prejudice.

    Jesus, the NFL is just like the LAPD during the OJ Simpson case. They couldn’t even frame a guilty man.

  47. . Old man Brown claims that he saw a flying saucer in his farm, but he never got beyond the fourth grade in school and can hardly read or write. He is completely ignorant of what scientists have written on the subject, so his report cannot possibly be true.

    2. My client is an integral part of this community. If he is sent to prison not only will this city suffer but also he will be most missed by his family. You surely cannot find it in your hearts to reach any other verdict than “not guilty.”

    3. You ought to try to study harder in school this year, Samuel, because it will spare your parents the embarrassment of a letter from the instructor telling them you’re not taking your school work seriously..

    4. You will back up my story and tell the committee I am reasoning logically; because if you don’t I will do everything in my power to see that you are fired.

    5. I believe in the Bible because it is the written word of God through his prophets. Obviously, God would not lie to his prophets. After all, the Bible says so.

    6. Congress shouldn’t bother to consult major universities about educational appropriations. As members of educational establishment, they will naturally want as much money for education as they think they can get.

    7. In recent studies researchers have show that women have more accurate intuition than men do. The reason cited is that men’s intuition is more often mistaken.

    8. I can see that you are in the market for a new car. We’re having a sale on Pintos this month. Do you want to pay cash or do you want the installment plan?

    9. John has really worked hard on his term project, and he will really be depressed if he does not make an A. For these reasons, you just have to give him an A on his project.

    10. What is right is what is morally obligatory. What is morally obligatory is what you should do. Of course, you should do something because it is the right thing to do.

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    12. If we wish to determine which of a person’s motives determine his actions, we need only examine which of the alternative courses of action he chooses to perform. Therefore, a person’s motives are determined by the actions he chooses to perform.

    13. A prosecutor states to the jury: “You cannot let this man go free because our society is not safe with him at large. Who knows who his next victim will be?”

    14. It should be no surprise to you that if a Democrat is elected in the next presidential election that we will have one of the worst recessions in years. Recessions always seem to be created by Democratic administrations.

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    17. I don’t care what your arguments are; you are using Mickey Mouse tactics. The arguments you give are simply tacky.

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    20. Those who say that extra-sensory perception is not reliable are mistaken. The police, Hollywood stars, and politicians have all relied on it.

    21. But Doctor, surely your advice that I should not drink coffee is not sound advice since you yourself often drink coffee.

    22. The late Ely Culbertson, one of the world’s outstanding bridge players, once declared that the United Nations as presently constituted has serious defects. He must be right because I don’t think the opinion of a man of his caliber should be taken lightly.

    23. The General Assembly of the United Nations keeps voting for radical issues. Therefore, the U. S. will be forced to reduce its financial contribution to the U. N. unless there is a demonstrated change soon.

    24. During the Gulf war many Americans made immense profits. That is an indisputable fact. Therefore, there can be no doubt that American business interests instigated the war.

    25. No mathematician has ever been able to demonstrate the truth of the variants of the Goldberg conjecture, so they cannot all be true..

    26. Everyone says that a logic course is easier than a math course, so it must be.

    27. Unless you back up my story and tell the committee I am reasoning logically, I’ll do everything in my power to see that you are fired.

    28. The best students make the best grades. Therefore, getting high grades will undoubtedly cause you to be a better student.

    29. Everyone believes that men write the best novels; therefore, there is little doubt that they do so.

    30. Since the Bible says, “Thou shall not kill,” it would be wrong to exterminate the termites in City Hall.

    31. But Mom I don’t see why I have to wear socks; Einstein never did wear socks.

    32. I once knew a philosophy student who went crazy and another one who was not that well balanced. You can see what the study of philosophy did to them.

    33. A great many charges of graft and corruption have been brought against Senator Anderson over the past several years, and he has had numerous opportunities to refute them, but he has never done so. Therefore, I think, the evidence indicates he is not to be trusted.

    34. The present U.S. administration has not yet developed an energy policy. Nonetheless, almost every other developed nation in the world has an energy policy, except us. Therefore, the United States should have a unified energy policy.

    35. The welfare program is totally unnecessary. Why, I know a guy who runs a very lucrative illegal gambling operation and drives his new Cadillac down every week to collect his welfare check.

    36. It was his fault, Officer. You can tell by the kind of car I’m driving and by my clothes that I am a good citizen and would not lie. Look at the rattletrap he is driving, and look at how he is dressed. You can’t believe anything that a dirty, longhaired hippie like that might tell you. Search his car; he probably has pot in it.

    37. General Jed M. Lamgetter believes that it is absolutely essential to our future security that we immediately upgrading our computing systems to Linux from Microsoft NT. But his arguments are hardly deserving of careful consideration, for in a couple of weeks General Lamgetter will retire from the Army and become CEO and be given large stock options in Red Hat, one of the main linux producers.

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    None of these follow any logic much like political arguments and in this case anybody in defence of Tom Brady and the NE Patriots.

  48. I think my favorite part of the Wells report was when, in describing the equipment used for testing they said: “You know, 60% of the time, our gauges work every time.”

    That seems scientifically sound to me…

  49. Yassar Arafat won the Nobel Peace Prize. If they can deflate naturally why didn’t the Colts footballs? I am with Bill Nye this is bs.
    ===
    Bill Nye was horrifically wrong – and I like Bill Nye. He made the same mistake NdGT made by using gauge pressure. At least NdGT admitted his error when it was pointed out to him that IGL requires absolute pressure and temperature.

  50. Okay, so the NFL did not measure the pressure of the footballs under controlled, laboratory conditions using highly precise instruments.
    ===
    You know what would have helped? Using only one gauge. It doesn’t matter if the gauge is accurate so long as it’s precise. If you have the one gauge that was used and all your measurements properly recorded, you can work out a correction factor later. The single greatest point of contention in the Wells report is the uncertainty over which gauge was used pregame and thus what the measurements should have been at halftime. There was absolutely no reason to use two gauges. It only confused matters.

  51. Why don’t people who are so certain it was just the temperature/weather go get some footballs and test it out? It’s really not hard to do yet apparently people would rather just go on theory rather than actual testing. I’ll note that this is common when it comes to things like this where people can fairly accurately replicate something but choose not to and just go by some theory.

    Take some balls, pump them up to 12.5, put them in an area where you have lowered the temperature and created similar humidity conditions and see what happens after say 90-100 minutes. Then take the balls back into the room you inflated them and measure. Then wait 10-15 minutes and check them again. If there is a big drop then it would point to the natural drop being very plausible or likely. If after the 10 minutes the psi increases a good bit then it likely points to the belief stated by this guy and others in the Pats camp.

    It’s really not hard but apparently nobody actually wants to do the testing. Maybe mythbusters will for the fun of it.

    Oh and winning a nobel prize doesn’t mean much. Paul Krugman has won a nobel prize and that guy is clueless.

  52. vbbills says:
    May 14, 2015 1:57 PM
    Measure balls twice and account for environmentals. Simple process really. All balls are within limits at first measurement evidenced by a “dead on balls accurate” reading from an approved gauge handled by league officials. Do it again at halftime, enter all data in an app and play the second half.

    The NFL created the conditions for deflategate based on poor procedure. Players of all games bend the rules if there is a seam to operate in. The blame should be shared on this one. Cut the fines in half and require the NFL to donate 10k balls to HS teams. And put a simpler process in place please….

    Having a laureate explain the obvious only confuses things.
    ======================
    That’s a good point.
    Another point I would like to make is the fact that the NFL(Roger Goodell) has a serious problem when it comes to punishment. When he needs to a hammer he uses feathers, when he needs to use a feather he uses a hammer. The man is not consistent. Makes it looks like someone is pulling his strings.

  53. Why don’t people who are so certain it was just the temperature/weather go get some footballs and test it out? It’s really not hard to do yet apparently people would rather just go on theory rather than actual
    testing…

    It’s really not hard but apparently nobody actually wants to do the testing. Maybe mythbusters will for the fun of it.
    ===
    People have. Heck: Exponent did. They all found a temperature and pressure drop occurs as the balls get wet and cool. After the balls are brought inside, they get warm and regain pressure.

    Why are you asking questions that have already been answered?

  54. You do not need to be a Nobel Laureate to know that the science in the Wells report is garbage.

    But if they need 10 more Nobel Laureates to agree that it is, they just have to ask 10 more of them to look at the same information.

    The Wells gang cherrypicked half of the pressure data to keep, the half that made it look like there was a real difference. That was the half that used a pressure gauge that was 0.4 psi off, and most importantly it was a gauge that the ref said he didn’t use in pregame.

    Wells says the ref remembered right about the pressures of the Patriots footballs.

    Wells says the ref remembered right about the pressures of the Colts footballs.

    Wells says the ref was great and among the best in the business.

    Bit when Wells needed to conclude that the ref was wrong about something, in order to reach a certain conclusion, he did so immediately. For no stated reason.

    Then Wells gang made a big deal about the Colts footballs being different without THINKING about the obvious fact that they had been sitting in a heated room for at least twice as long as the Patriots footballs they are comparing them to.

    Bad science

  55. I’m all for scientific experts chiming in – but MacKinnon’s Nobel Prize was in Chemistry, not Physics.

    Also, Robert Kraft’s company was part of a $40 million round of fundraising for a company called FlexPharma in October of 2014. The founder of Flex Pharma: Nobel-laureate Roderick MacKinnon.

    So, to position these findings as an expert in Physics with no relationship to the team offering unsolicited feedback is somewhat suspect.

  56. We all know by now the pressure will drop as the balls become colder. Everyone’s tires had this happen this winter. You know this if you have the sensors on your stems. If you use the vehicle at cold temps, with low pressure, you actually will lose more psi. Here is where the Wells report and the NFL erred: The balls were measured at half time, still cold, and even if they had 2 hours to come to room temp, they will not necessarily “re-inflate.” As we all probably had to add some air to our tires this past winter. The balls will react like tires, they do not necessarily regain all the lost psi. Ever put your bike away for the winter? How bout that basketball in the garage for 5 months? In the Spring, they all need to be re-inflated.

  57. At the very least the disciplines and metrics utilized by a scientist of any renown whether that be Chemistry -Physics have to be light years beyond anything shared with the general populace in Mr. Wells 243 page report.

    Pats may have found their base expert science witness for the hearings….or further elaboration..

    A good healthy dialogue can now ensue….

  58. mvshark says: May 14, 2015 5:32 PM

    We all know by now the pressure will drop as the balls become colder. Everyone’s tires had this happen this winter. You know this if you have the sensors on your stems. If you use the vehicle at cold temps, with low pressure, you actually will lose more psi. Here is where the Wells report and the NFL erred: The balls were measured at half time, still cold, and even if they had 2 hours to come to room temp, they will not necessarily “re-inflate.” As we all probably had to add some air to our tires this past winter. The balls will react like tires, they do not necessarily regain all the lost psi. Ever put your bike away for the winter? How bout that basketball in the garage for 5 months? In the Spring, they all need to be re-inflated.
    ****
    The 10/11 pats ball tested was the lowest reading.

  59. The chemists at Princeton hired by Wells for his report actually came to the same conclusion.

    It’s inexplicable that Wells went against his own team of experts and concluded that the ref remembered the gauge he used incorrectly, his team of chemists was wrong and that he knew the ref must have used a different gauge.

  60. The Nobel Prize winning biochemist is a huge Patriots fan. That’s not mentioned in the article. Of course he opposes the Wells report. He is a Harvard grad. None of that matters though as I’m sure he’s objective as a scientist…oh wait…Patriots fan too. Of course he’s biased. Boston is the most biased sports market in America. To a Bostonian every player that has ever played for a Boston team was an absolute saint, but turned into a dog turd once they left for another team.

  61. Watching the incredibly biased Boston sports media rally around the clearly dirty Patriots franchise is the most enjoyable part of this whole debacle. It doesn’t take a scientist to realize that the Patriots cheat in every way they think they can get away with. They are, and have been, very systematic about it. It couldn’t be more obvious. Yet to everyone in Boston it’s just a giant conspiracy against the team.

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